Hadith 193: When the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam came from the Battle of Khaybar, ….

Hadith 192: Everything has a foundation, and the foundation of iman (faith) is filial god- consciousness. Everything has a branch, and the branch of iman is patience. …..
February 5, 2019
Hadith 194: If thickets were pens, and the ocean was ink, and the jinn were considered hisab (reckoning) and man was considered a kitab (book), they would not be able to enumerate the virtues of ‘Ali.
February 5, 2019

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Hadith 193

لما أقبل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من غزوة خيبر، نزل عليه (إِذَا جَآءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ)، إلى آخر القصة، قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: يا علي بن أبي طالب، يا فاطمة بنت محمد، جاء نصر الله والفتح، (وَرَأَيْتَ النَّاسَ يَدْخُلُوْنَ فِيْ دِيْنِ اللَّهِ أَفْوَاجًا فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ إِنَّهُۥ كَانَ تَوَّابًا)، على أن يكون بعدي في المؤمنين الجهاد. قال: علام نجاهد المؤمنين الذين يقولون آمنا؟ قال: على الإحداث في الدين، إذا ما عملوا بالرأي، ولا رأي في الدين، إنما الدين من الرب، وأمره ونهيه. قال علي: يا رسول الله أرأيت إن عرض لنا أمر، لم ينزل فيه قرآن، ولم يخصص فيه سنة منك؟ قال: تجعلونه شورى بين العابدين من المؤمنين، ولا تقضونه برأي خاصة. فلو كنت مستخلفا أحدا، لم يكن أحق به منك؛ لقدمك في الإسلام، وقرابتك من رسول الله صلى الله عليه سلم، وصهرك، وعندك سيدة نساء المؤمنين، وقبل ذلك ما كان من بلاء أبي طالب إياي، ونزل القرآن وأنا حريص على أن أرعى له في ولده.

When the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam came from the Battle of Khaybar, the (following) verse was revealed, ‘When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest,’[1] until the end of the incident. The Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “O ‘Ali, O Fatimah bint Muhammad, the victory of Allah and the conquest has come. ‘And you see the people entering into the religion of Allah in multitudes. Then exalt [Him] with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance’[2] On condition that there is jihad among the Believers after me.” ‘Ali said, “Based on what should we fight the Believers, those that say ‘we believe.’’’ He said, “Based on innovations in Din and when they practice based upon their own opinion, and there are no opinions in Din; verily the Din is from the Lord, his instructions and his prohibitions.” ‘Ali said, “O Messenger of Allah, what if a matter arises regarding which nothing has been revealed in the Qur’an not anything stipulated for it from your Sunnah?” He said, “You will consult with the devout worshippers from the believers and not rule upon a specific opinion. Were I to appoint anyone as my successor, none would be more worthy of the post than you; due to your precedence in embracing Islam, your relation to the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, being my son-in-law, and the Queen of the Believing Women being in your wedlock. Before that, the difficult borne by Abu Talib for my sake. Now that the Qur’an has been revealed, I am eager to reciprocate that through his son.”

 


Al Tabarani narrates this hadith (and al Diyaʾ in a similar manner) — Muhammad ibn ‘Ali al Marwazi narrated to us — Abu al Dardaʾ ‘Abdul ‘Aziz ibn al Munib narrated to us — Ishaq ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Kaysan narrated to us — my father narrated to me — from ‘Ikrimah — from Ibn ‘Abbas…”[3]

Regarding Ishaq ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Kaysan, al Bukhari said he is munkar al hadith (unacceptable in hadith). His father is da’if (weak).

Ibn Hajar ruled the hadith a fabrication.[4]

Al Albani said, “It is mawdu’ (fabricated). The signs of fabrication are clearly evident on it.”[5]

The hadith is as al Albani said.

 

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[1] Surah al Nasr: 1.

[2] Ibid., 2, 3.

[3] Al Tabarani: al Mujam al Kabir, 11/12042; al Diyaʾ: al Mukhtarah, 12/153.

[4] Ibn Hajar: Tahdhib al Tahdhib, 5/325.

[5] Al Albani: Silsilat al Ahadith al Da’ifah, 14/6814.

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