Hadith 104: Verily Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala prohibited rainfall for Bani Israʾil on account of their (lack) of adab (etiquette) with their prophets. And verily He prohibits the rainfall of this Ummah on account of their hatred for ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib.

Hadith 103: ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib will be radiant in Jannat just like the morning star (is radiant) for the people of the Dunya.
January 31, 2019
Hadith 105: A caller  called out on the Day of Badr—it has been said that his name is Ridwan, “There is no sword except for Dhu al Fiqar and there is not a young man except ‘Ali.”
January 31, 2019

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Hadith 104

إن الله عز وجل منع قطر المطر بني إسرائيل بسوء أدبهم في أنبيائهم، وإنه يمنع قطر مطر هذه الأمة ببغضهم علي بن أبي طالب.

Verily Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala prohibited rainfall for Bani Israʾil on account of their (lack) of adab (etiquette) with their prophets. And verily He prohibits the rainfall of this Ummah on account of their hatred for ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib.

 


This hadith is narrated by ‘Abdul Razzaq — from Ma’mar — from al Zuhri — from ‘Ikrimah — from Ibn ‘Abbas. It has the following chains of transmission:

  1. Ibn ‘Adi narrates this hadith (and Ibn al Jawzi in a similar manner) — Al Hassan narrated to us — Muhammad ibn Hammad Abu ‘Abdullah al Tihrani al Razi in Ray (in Iran) — ‘Abdul Razzaq narrated to us — from Ma’mar — from al Zuhri — from ‘Ikrimah — from Ibn ‘Abbas who said, “The Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said…”[1]

Ibn ‘Adi states, “Al Hassan ibn ‘Uthman ibn Ziyad ibn Hakim Abu Sa’id al Tustari used to fabricate and appropriate[2] peoples’ hadith, according to me. I asked ‘Abdan al Ahwazi regarding him and he said that he is a kadhdhab (liar).”

Al Dhahabi says this hadith is batil (false).[3]

 

  1. Ibn ‘Asakir narrates this hadith with a chain of transmission that contains narrators, most of whom I could not trace.[4]

It contains the narrator Muhammad ibn Sahl. Ibn ‘Iraq gives preference to the fact that Ibn Mandah deemed him munkar al hadith (unacceptable in hadith).[5]

In addition to Ibn al Jawzi mentioning the hadith in his work on fabrications, al Shawkani (also) mentions this hadith as well.[6]

 

  1. Ibn al Maghazili narrates this hadith with a chain of transmission that is saqit (wholly unreliable) and a lengthy matn (text).[7] It contains the following defects:
  • Ibn al Maghazili is da’if (weak).
  • His teacher is known as Ibn al Khalah and Ibn Bushran. I have yet to see anyone regard him as a thiqah (reliable).
  • I could not trace Abu Tahir Ibrahim ibn Muhammad.
  • Abu al Mufaddal Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad al Shaybani al Kufi is a kadhdhab (liar) and a wadda’ (fabricator).[8]
  • Abu ‘Abdul Ghani is a kadhdhab (liar) and a wadda’ (fabricator).[9]
  • I could not trace Rizq Allah ibn Sulaiman ibn Ghalib al Azdi al Bazzar and his teacher Rabah.

 

In short, the hadith is mawdu’ (fabricated) and batil (false) in all of its variant chains of transmission.

 

NEXT⇒ Hadith 105


[1] Ibn ‘Adi: al Kamil, 2/345; Ibn al Jawzi: Kitab al Mawdu’at, 1/387.

[2] For an explanation of this term, Click Here [translator’s note]

[3] Al Dhahabi: Mizan al I’tidal, 1/502.

[4] Ibn ‘Asakir: Tarikh Dimashq, 42/282.

[5] Ibn ‘Iraq: Tanzih al Shari’ah, 1/361.

[6] Al Shawkani: al Fawaʾid al Majmu’ah, hadith no. 326.

[7] Ibn al Maghazili: Manaqib ‘Ali, hadith no. 186.

[8] Al Khatib: Tarikh Baghdad, 5/467.

[9] Ibn Hajar: Lisan al Mizan, 2/226; Ibn ‘Adi: al Kamil, 2/336.

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