Chapter5: Section One – The Statements of Sayyidina Hassan, Muhammad ibn al Hanafiyyah, ‘Abdullah al Mahd ibn Hassan al Muthanna, and others.

Section 2: The relationship Sayyidina ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhu had  with Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and Sayyidina ‘Ali’s radiya Llahu ‘anhu cousin, Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhum.
February 7, 2019
Section Two: The Statements of Imam Zayn al ‘Abidin and his son Zaid
February 8, 2019

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Chapter Five

This is the final chapter of the Faruqi Section of Ruhama’ Baynahum.

We intended to gather the brief statements of Sayyidina ‘Ali’s radiya Llahu ‘anhu offspring in praise, adoration, and supplication for Sayyidina ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhu. A fair person will, after examining these narrations, accept the fact that these two seniors enjoyed a harmonious relationship and were bosom friends, and will applaud their congenial bond.

This chapter will be divided into five sections as follows:

Section One: The Statements of Sayyidina Hassan, Muhammad ibn al Hanafiyyah, ‘Abdullah al Mahd ibn Hassan al Muthanna, and others.

Section Two: The Statements of Imam Zayn al ‘Abidin and his son Zaid

Section Three: The Statements of Imam Muhammad al Baqir

Section Four: The Statements of Imam Jafar al Sadiq

Section Five: ‘Ali’s offspring with the Name ‘Umar

 

Section One

The Statements of Sayyidina Hassan, Muhammad ibn al Hanafiyyah, ‘Abdullah al Mahd ibn Hassan al Muthanna, and others

 

1. Hassan’s Confirmation that there existed No Disagreement between ‘Umar ibn al Khattab and ‘Ali al Murtada

Muhibb al Tabari quotes from Ibn al Samman in al Riyad al Nadirah:

 

أنه أخرج في كتابه عن الحسن بن علي قال لا أعلم عليا خالف عمر و لا غير شيئا مما صنع حين قدم الكوفة

He documents in his book from Hassan ibn ‘Ali who announced, “I do not know of ‘Ali opposing ‘Umar, nor of him changing anything ‘Umar instated when he came to Kufah.”[1]

 

2. Muhammad ibn al Hanafiyyah’s Question concerning ‘Umar and Abu Bakr and ‘Ali’s Answer

Muhammad ibn al Hanafiyyah is one of the children of Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu who holds a lofty position of virtue and excellence after Sayyidina Hassan and Sayyidina Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhuma. The Shia scholar and mujtahid Sayed Jamal al Din ibn ‘Inabah writes concerning him in ‘Umdat al Talib:

 

كان محمد بن الحنفية أحد رجال الدهر في العلم و الزهد و العبادة و الشجاعة و هو أفضل ولد علي بن أبي طالب بعد الحسن و الحسين

Muhammad ibn al Hanafiyyah was one of the unique men of his time in knowledge, asceticism, worship, and bravery. He is the most superior among the offspring of ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib after Hassan and Hussain.[2]

 

Muhammad ibn al Hanafiyyah states:

 

قلت لأبي أي الناس خير بعد النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال أبو بكر قال قلت ثم من قال عمر قلت ثم أنت قال ما أنا إلا رجل من المسلمين

I asked my father, “Who is the most superior after the nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam?”

“Abu Bakr,” he replied.

I enquired, “Then who?”

“Umar,” was his answer.

I said, “Then you.”

He responded, “I am only an ordinary man from the Muslims.”[3]

 

3. ‘Ali’s Children Use ‘Umar’s Action as Evidence in Fiqhi Rulings

Ibn Qutaybah al Dinawari relates this story in al Ma’arif:

 

و كان عبد الله بن الحسن بن الحسن يكنى أبا محمد و كان خيرا و رأي يوما يمسح على خفيه فقيل له تمسح فقال نعم قد مسح عمر بن الخطاب و من جعل عمر بينه و بين الله فقد استوثق

‘Abdullah ibn al Hassan ibn al Hassan was given the agnomen Abu Muhammad. He was a pious man. One day he was seen making masah upon his leather socks so he was asked, “You make masah?”

“Yes,” he replied, “‘Umar ibn al Khattab had made masah. Whoever takes ‘Umar (as proof) between him and Allah, has held onto a strong rope.”[4]

 

4. ‘Aqil’s Praise for ‘Umar

Sayyidina ‘Ali’s radiya Llahu ‘anhu biological brother, Sayyidina ‘Aqil ibn Abi Talib relates:

 

إن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال لعمر بن الخطاب إن غضبك عز و رضاك حكم

Certainly, the Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to ‘Umar, “Your anger is out of honour for religion and your pleasure is wisdom.”[5]

 

NEXT⇒ Section Two


[1] Al Riyad al Nadirah, vol. 2 pg. 85, chapter on ‘Ali’s narration on ‘Umar’s virtue, Egypt pint; Izalat al Khafa’ ‘an Khilafat al Khulafa’, vol. 1 pg. 107, old print (Persian), final discussion on the masanid of the Sahabah and Tabi’in.

[2] ‘Umdat al Talib fi Ansab Al Abi Talib, pg. 352, section 3, Najaf Ashraf print.

[3] Sahih al Bukhari, vol. 1 pg. 518, chapter on Abu Bakr’s virtues, Delhi print; Sunan Abi Dawood, vol. 2 pg. 288, book on Sunnah, chapter on precedence, Mujtaba’i print, Delhi; Hilyat al Auliya’, vol. 5 pg. 78, discussion on Rabi’ ibn Abi Rashid, Kanz al ‘Ummal, vol. 6 pg. 366, 370, old Dakkan print.

[4] Al Ma’arif, pg. 93, chapter on ‘Ali’s khilafah, Egypt print, old edition.

[5] Akhbar Asbahan, vol. 1 pg. 97, Leiden print, Europe.

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