He is Sayyidina ‘Ammar ibn Yasir ibn ‘Amir ibn Malik al ‘Ansi, Abu al Yaqzan radiya Llahu ‘anhuma, the freed slave of the Banu Makhzum. A distinguished renowned Sahabi from the forerunners and the participants of Badr. He is the ally of the Banu Makhzum. His mother is Sayyidah Sumayyah, the martyr radiya Llahu ‘anha. He, his father, and mother are all from the very early Muslims.
He accepted Islam in his early thirties and was persecuted in the path of Allah. The scholars say regarding his lineage that Yasir, his father, was an Arab, a Qahtani and a Mudh-haji from ‘Ans. However, his son ‘Ammar was a freed slave of the Banu Makhzum. This is because Sayyidina Yasir radiya Llahu ‘anhu married a slave girl belonging to the Banu Makhzum who bore ‘Ammar for him. Sayyidina ‘Ammar and Sayyidina Suhayb ibn Sinan radiya Llahu ‘anhum accepted Islam at Dar al Arqam at the same time at the hands of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.
لقيت صهيب بن سنان على باب دار الأرقم و رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فيها فقلت أردت أن أدخل على محمد و أسمع كلامه فقال و أنا أريد ذلك فدخلنا عليه فعرض علينا الإسلام فأسلمنا
I met Suhayb ibn Sinan at the door of Dar al Arqam and Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was inside. I said, “I intend entering upon Muhammad and listening to his speech.”
He said, “I intend the same thing.”
So we entered his presence. He presented Islam to us and we embraced it.
Sayyidina ‘Ammar radiya Llahu ‘anhu was brown in complexion, tall, of a restive disposition, bluish-black eyed, and had broad shoulders. He would not dye his grey hairs. It is said that the front portion of his head was bald with few strands of hair.
Sayyidina ‘Umar ibn al Khattab radiya Llahu ‘anhu appointed him governor of Kufah and wrote to the residents:
أما بعد فإني قد بعثت إليكم عمارا أميرا و عبد الله بن مسعود وزيرا و هما من النجباء من أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فاسمعوا لهما و اقتدوا بهما و إني قد آثرتكم بعبد الله على نفسي إثرة
After praising Allah, certainly I have sent to you ‘Ammar as leader and ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud as vizier. They are from the highbred Companions of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, so listen to them and emulate them. I have indeed favoured you a great deal over myself with ‘Abdullah.
The Sublime’s words:
إِلَّا مَنْ أُكْرِهَ وَقَلْبُهُ مُطْمَئِنٌّ بِالْإِيْمَانِ
Except for one who is forced [to renounce his religion] while his heart is secure in faith.
Were revealed about Sayyidina ‘Ammar radiya Llahu ‘anhu.
He made hijrah with Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam to Madinah, and participated alongside him in Badr, Uhud, Khandaq, and all the major battles. There is difference of opinion about his hijrah to Abyssinia.
He was martyred on the side of Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu in the Battle of Siffin at the age of 93 in the year 37 A.H.
He has been assured Jannat in the hadith that passed in the biography of Sayyidina Salman radiya Llahu ‘anhu and as will appear in the biography of his mother radiya Llahu ‘anhum.
 Al Tabaqat, vol. 6 pg. 7; al Mu’jam al Kabir, vol. 9 pg. 86. Al Haythami says, “Al Tabarani narrated it and his narrators are the narrators of al Sahih besides Harithah who is reliable.” (Majma’ al Zawa’id, vol. 9 pg. 253)
 Surah al Nahl: 106.
 Al Tabaqat, vol. 3 pg. 249; Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, vol. 7 pg. 524; Tafsir al Tabari, vol. 11 pg. 534.
 Tahdhib al Asma’, vol. 1 pg. 545; Usd al Ghabah, vol. 1 pg. 808; Tarikh al Islam, vol. 3 pg. 572; al Isabah, vol. 4 pg. 575.Back to top