A few themes have been discussed in this part. These themes clearly indicate that ‘Ali and Abu Bakr radiya Llahu ‘anhuma were on good terms with one another. The reference material for these themes is scattered in both Sunni and Shia sources. I, with my little efforts, have endeavoured to put together a few excerpts from both. I hope that the readers will analyse them with impartiality and embrace them open heartedly.
The themes that I will be covering in this part are the following:
During the Caliphate of Abu Bakr and ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhuma, ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu was deemed a competent authority in jurisprudential rulings. The narration of Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d is very clear in this regard:
عن عبد الرحمن بن القاسم عن أبيه ان ابا بكر الصديق كان إذا نزل به أمر يريد فيه مشاورة أهل الرأي و أهل الفقه دعا رجالا من المهاجرين و الأنصار. دعا عمر و عثمان و عليا و عبد الرحمن بن عوف و معاذ بن جبل و أبي بن كعب و زيد بن ثابت و كل هؤلاء يفتي في خلافة أبي بكر و انما تصير فتوي الناس الي هؤلاءفمضي أبو بكر علي ذالك ثم ولي عمر فكان يدعو هؤلاء النفر.
Whenever a matter of concern would befall Abu Bakr (regarding which he would usually consult the people of objective reasoning and thorough knowledge), he would summon a few of the Muhajirin and the Ansar, namely, ‘Umar, ‘Uthman, ‘Ali, ‘Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Awf, Muaz ibn Jabal, Ubay ibn Ka’b and Zaid ibn Thabit. These were the people who presided over the post of issuing legal rulings during his time. Abu Bakr dealt in this manner. After him ‘Umar was elected as the ruler. He would likewise, summon these same people.
Many Shia historians have also regarded ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu to be a jurist and mufti (one who issues legal rulings) during the era of Abu Bakr radiya Llahu ‘anhu. Hence, they write:
وكان من يؤخذ عنه الفقه في ايام أبي بكر علي بن أبي طالب و عمر بن الخطاب و معاذ بن جبل وأبي بن كعب و زيد بن ثابت و عبد الله بن مسعود.
From amongst those who were references for authoritative knowledge during the reign of Abu Bakr were: ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, ‘Umar ibn al Khattab, Muaz ibn Jabal, Ubay Ibn Ka’b, Zaid ibn Thabit and ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud. 
All this is clear cut evidence of the mutual love and bond that they enjoyed.
 Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d 2/109: chapter regarding the scholars amongst the Sahabah.
 Ahmed ibn Abi Yaqub, Tarikh Yaqubi, 2/138.Back to top