The Traditions Of The Sahabah Concerning The Virtues Of The Ahlul Bayt In General

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The Traditions Of The Sahabah Concerning The Virtues Of The Ahlul Bayt In General

 
 

The method of sending salah (salutations) upon Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Humaid al Sa’idi:

 

عن عمرو بن سليم الزرقى اخبرنى ابو حميد الساعدى رضي الله عنه انهم قالوا يا رسول الله كيف نصلى عليك فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قولوا اللهم صل على محمد و ازواجه و ذريته كما صليت على آل إبراهيم و بارك على محمد و ازواجه و ذريته كما باركت على آل إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد

‘Amr ibn Sulaym al Zuraqi relates that Sayyidina Abu Humaid al Sa’idi radiya Llahu ‘anhu informed him that they [the Sahabah] asked, “O Rasulullah! How do we send salah upon you?” Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stated, “Say:

 

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰى مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلٰى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ وَبَارِكْ عَلٰى مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلٰى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيْدٌ مَجِيْدٌ

O Allah! Send salah upon Muhammad, his wives, and offspring as You sent salah upon the family of Ibrahim. Bless Muhammad, his wives, and offspring as You blessed the family of Ibrahim. Indeed, You are Praiseworthy, Honourable.[1]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Mas’ud al Ansari:

 

عن ابى مسعود الانصارى رضي الله عنه قال اتانا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و نحن في مجلس سعد بن عبادة فقال له بشير بن سعد امرنا الله تعالى ان نصلى عليك يا رسول الله فكيف نصلى عليك فسكت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم حتى تمنينا انه لم يساله ثم قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قولوا اللهم صل على محمد و على آل محمد كما صليت على آل إبراهيم و بارك على محمد و على آل محمد كما باركت على آل إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد و السلام كما قد علمتم

Sayyidina Abu Mas’ud al Ansari radiya Llahu ‘anhu narrates, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam came to us while we were in the gathering of Sa’d ibn ‘Ubadah. Bashir ibn Sa’d submitted, ‘Allah has commanded us to send salah upon you, O Rasulullah! So how do we send salah upon you?’ Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam remained silent until we wished he had not asked him. Thereafter Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Say:

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلٰى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلٰى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ وَبَارِكْ عَلٰى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلٰى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلٰى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيْدٌ مَجِيْدٌ

O Allah! Send salah upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You sent salah upon the family of Ibrahim. Bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You blessed the family of Ibrahim. Indeed, You are Praiseworthy, Honourable.

Salam is how you already know.’[2]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Sa’id al Khudri:

 

عن ابى سعيد الخدرى قال قلنا يا رسول الله هذا السلام عليك فكيف نصلى عليك قال قولوا اللهم صل على محمد عبدك و رسولك كما صليت على إبراهيم و بارك على محمد و على آل محمد كما باركت على إبراهيم و آل ابراهيم

Sayyidina Abu Sa’id al Khudri radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that they [the Sahabah] submitted, “O Rasulullah! This is [the method of sending] salam upon you. So how do we send salah upon you?” Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam replied, “Say:

 

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰى مُحَمَّدٍ عَبْدِكَ وَ رُسُوْلِكَ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلٰى إِبْرَاهِيْمَ وَ بَارِكْ عَلٰى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلٰى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلٰى إِبْرَاهِيْمَ وَ آلِ اِبْرَاهِيْمَ

O Allah, send salah upon Muhammad, Your slave and Messenger, as You sent salah upon Ibrahim and bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim.”[3]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Ka’b ibn ‘Ujrah:

 

عن عبد الرحمن بن ابى ليلى قال لقينى كعب بن عجرة فقال ألا أهدى لك هدية إن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم خرج علينا فقلنا يا رسول الله قد علمنا كيف نسلم عليك فكيف نصلى عليك قال قولوا الله صل على محمد و على آل محمد كما صليت على آل إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد اللهم بارك على محمد و على آل محمد كما باركت على آل إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد

‘Abdur Rahman ibn Abi Layla reports, “Ka’b ibn ‘Ujrah met me and said, ‘Should I not give you a gift? Indeed Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam came to us and we submitted, ‘O Rasulullah! We know how to send salam upon you. But how do we send salah upon you?’ Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam answered, ‘Say:

 

اللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلٰى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلٰى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيْدٌ مَجِيْدٌ اللّٰهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلٰى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلٰى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلٰى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيْدٌ مَجِيْدٌ

O Allah! Send salah upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You sent salah upon the family of Ibrahim. Indeed, You are Praiseworthy, Honourable. O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You have blessed the family of Ibrahim. Indeed, You are Praiseworthy, Honourable.’[4]

 

Purification of the Ahlul Bayt and removing impurity from them

 

The narration of Sayyidah Aisha:

 

عن صفية بنت شيبة قالت قالت عائشة خرج النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم غداة و عليه مرط مرحل من شعر اسود فجاء الحسن بن على فادخله ثم جاء الحسين فدخل معه ثم جاءت فاطمة فادخلها ثم جاء على فادخله ثم قال إِنَّمَا یُرِيْدُ اللهُ لِیُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَ یُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيْرًا

Safiyyah bint Shaybah relates that Sayyidah Aisha radiya Llahu ‘anha said, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam left in the morning wearing a striped cloak made from black (camel’s) hair. Hassan ibn ‘Ali came and Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam wrapped him under it, followed by Hussain who entered with him. Then Fatimah came and he took her under it, then came ‘Ali and he also took him under it. He thereafter recited:

إِنَّمَا یُرِيْدُ اللهُ لِیُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَ یُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيْرًا

Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity [of sin], O people of the [Prophet’s] household, and to purify you with [extensive] purification.”[5][6]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Wathilah ibn al Asqa’:

 

عن واثلة بن الاسقع رضي الله عنه قال جئت اريد عليا رضي الله عنه فلم اجده فقالت فاطمة رضي الله عنها انطلق إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يدعوه فاجلس فجاء مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فدخلا و دخلت معهما قال فدعا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم حسنا و حسينا فاجلس كل واحد منهما على فخذه و ادنى فاطمة من حجره و زوجها ثم لف عليهم ثوبه و انا شاهد فقال إِنَّمَا یُرِيْدُ اللهُ لِیُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَ یُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيْرًا اللهم هؤلاء اهل بيتى

Wathilah ibn al Asqa’ radiya Llahu ‘anhu relates, “I came looking for ‘Ali but did not find him. Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha said, ‘He went to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam to call him, so sit. He then came with Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and entered; and I entered with them.” He relates further, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam called Hassan and Hussain and seated them on his lap, and brought Fatimah and ‘Ali close to his lap. He then placed a cloth over them—and I was present—and he said:

 

إِنَّمَا یُرِيْدُ اللهُ لِیُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَ یُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيْرًا

Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity [of sin], O people of the [Prophet’s] household, and to purify you with [extensive] purification.[7]

O Allah, these are my household.”[8]

 

Mubahalah[9] with the Ahlul Bayt

 

The narration of Sayyidina Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas:

 

عن عامر بن سعد بن ابى وقاص عن ابيه رضي الله عنهما قال لما انزل الله هذه الآية نَدْعُ أَبْنَآءَنَا وَأَبْنَآءَكُمْ دعا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم عليا و فاطمة و حسنا و حسينا فقال اللهم هؤلاء اهلى

‘Amir ibn Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas relates from his father who says, “When Allah revealed this verse: ‘Let us call our sons and your sons,’[10] Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam summoned ‘Ali, Fatimah, Hassan, and Hussain and said, ‘O Allah, these are my family.’”[11]

 

The Punishment for he who harbours hatred for the Ahlul Bayt and reviles them

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Sa’id al Khudri:

 

عن ابى سعيد الخدرى رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و الذي نفسى بيده لا يبغضنا اهل البيت رجل إلا ادخله الله النار

Sayyidina Abu Sa’id al Khudri rahimahu Llah reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam warned, “By the Being in Whose Hands lies my life! None should harbour hatred for us the Ahlul Bayt, otherwise Allah will fling him into the Fire.”[12]

 

Abu Bakr encourages kindness towards the Ahlul Bayt

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar:

 

عن عبد الله بن عمر رضي الله عنهما قال قال ابو بكر ارقبوا محمدا صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم في اهل بيته

Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhuma relates that Sayyidina Abu Bakr radiya Llahu ‘anhu said, “Honour Muhammad salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam by [honouring] his household.”[13][14]

 

Zakat is not permissible for the Family of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam

 

The narration of Sayyidina Zaid ibn Arqam:

 

عن يزيد ين حيان قال انطلقت انا و حصين بن سبرة و عمر بن مسلم إلى زيد بن ارقم رضي الله عنه فلما جلسنا اليه قال له حصين لقد لقيت يا زيد خيرا كثيرا رايت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و سمعت حديثه و غزوت معه و صليت خلفه لقد لقيت يا زيد خيرا كثيرا حدثنا يا زيد ما سمعت من رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قال يا ابن اخى و الله لقد كبرت سنى و قدم عهدى و نسيت بعض الذي كنت اعى من رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فما حدثتكم فاقبلوا و ما لا فلا تكلفونيه ثم قال قام رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يوما فينا خطيبا بماء يدعى خما بين مكة و المدينة فحمد الله و اثنى عليه و وعظ و ذكر ثم قال اما بعد ألا أيها الناس فانما أنا بشر يوشك ان ياتى رسول ربى فاجيب و انا تارك فيكم ثقلين اولهما كتاب الله فيه الهدى و النور فخذوا بكتاب الله و استمسكوا به فحث على كتاب الله و رغب فيه ثم قال و اهل بيتى اذكركم الله في اهل بيتى اذكركم الله في اهل بيتى اذكركم الله في اهل بيتى فقال له حصين و من اهل بيته يا زيد اليس نساؤه من اهل بيته قال نساؤه من اهل بيته و لكن اهل بيته من حرم الصدقة بعده قال و من هم قال هم آل على و آل عقيل و آل جعفر و آل عباس قال كل هؤلاء حرم الصدقة قال نعم

Yazid ibn Hayyan reports, “Hussain ibn Saburah, ‘Umar ibn Muslim and I went to Zaid ibn Arqam. When we sat before him, Hussain said, ‘Indeed, you have attained an abundance of goodness, O Zaid! You saw Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, listened to his hadith, waged war alongside him, and performed salah behind him. O Zaid, indeed, you have acquired an abundance of goodness. Relate to us what you heard from Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.’ He said, ‘O my nephew! By Allah I have become frail and old and a long time has passed (since Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam demise) and have forgotten some of what I memorised from Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. So accept what I narrate and do not burden me of that which I cannot.’ He then said, ‘One day Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stood up to deliver a lecture at a water place which was called khum situated between Makkah and Madinah. He praised and glorified Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala advised and reminded. He then said, ‘O people harken! I am only a human. Very soon the messenger from my Rabb will come to me and I will respond. I leave behind with you two weighty things. The first is the Book of Allah which contains guidance and light. Hold firmly onto the Qur’an and adhere strictly to it.’ He continued to urge and encourage regarding the Book of Allah.’ Thereafter he said, ‘And my Ahlul Bayt! I remind you (to fear) Allah with regards to my family. I remind you (to fear) Allah with regards to my family. I remind you (to fear) Allah with regards to my family.’ Hussain asked, ‘Who are his Ahlul Bayt, O Zaid? Are his wives not from his Ahlul Bayt?’ Zaid replied, ‘His wives are part of his Ahlul Bayt. Moreover, his Ahlul Bayt are those for whom sadaqah (Zakat) is forbidden after his demise.’ Hussain asked, ‘Who are they?’ Zaid replied, ‘They are the family of ‘Ali, the family of ‘Aqil, the family of Jafar, and the family of ‘Abbas.’ Hussain asked, ‘Is sadaqah forbidden for all of these?’ Zaid replied in the affirmative.[15]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Hassan ibn ‘Ali:

 

عن ابى الحوراء قال قلت للحسن بن على ما تذكرمن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قال اذكر من رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم انى اخذت تمرة من تمر الصدقة فجعلتها في في قال فنزعها رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم بلعابها فجعلها في التمر فقيل يا رسول الله ما كان عليك من هذه التمرة لهذا الصبي قال و إنا آل محمد لا تحل لنا الصدقة قال و كان يقول دع ما يريبك إلى ما لا يريبك فان الصدق طمانينة و ان الكذب ريبة قال و كان يعلمنا هذا الدعاء اللهم اهدنى فيمن هديت و عافنى فيمن عافيت و تولنى فيمن توليت و بارك لى فيما اعطيت و قنى شر ما قضيت إنك تقضى و لا يقضى عليك انه لا يذل من واليت

Abu al Hawra’ reports that he asked Sayyidina Hassan ibn ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhuma, “What do you remember of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam?” Hassan replied, “I remember about Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam that once I took a date from the sadaqah dates and put it in my mouth. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam took it out and put it among the dates. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was asked, ‘What did you find giving this date to this child improper?’ He salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam replied, ‘We are the family of Muhammad; sadaqah is not permissible for us.’” Hassan continues, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would say, ‘Leave that which casts you into doubt for that which does not. Indeed, truth is tranquillity and falsehood is agitation.’ He would teach us this supplication:

 

اللهم اهدنى فيمن هديت و عافنى فيمن عافيت و تولنى فيمن توليت و بارك لى فيما اعطيت و قنى شر ما قضيت إنك تقضى و لا يقضى عليك انه لا يذل من واليت

O Allah! Guide me among those You guide. Grant me protection with those You grant the same. Befriend me with those You befriend. Bless me in what You give. Protect me from the evil of what You decide. Indeed, You alone make decisions and no one decides over You. Certainly, the one You befriend cannot be humiliated.[16]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Hurairah:

 

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه آله و سلم يؤتى بالتمر عند صرام النخل فيجىء هذا بتمره و هذا بتمره حتى يصير عنده كوما من تمر فجعل الحسن و الحسين رضي الله عنهما يلعبان بذلك التمر فاخذ احدهما تمرة فجعلها في فيه فنظر اليه رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فاخرجها من فيه فقال اما علمت ان آل محمد لا ياكلون الصدقة

Sayyidina Abu Hurairah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “Dates were brought to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam when the palms were harvested. Different people came with their dates until a pile of dates was gathered before him. Hassan and Hussain began playing with the dates. One of them took a date and put it in his mouth. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam looked at him and took it out from his mouth saying, ‘Do you not know that the family of Muhammad do not eat sadaqah!’”[17]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Abu Layla:

 

عن عبد الرحمن بن ابى ليلى عن ابى ليلى رضي الله عنه قال كنت عند النبي صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم و عنده الحسن بن على فاخذ تمرة من تمر الصدقة فانتزعها منه و قال اما علمت انه لا تحل لنا الصدقة

‘Abdur Rahman ibn Abi Layla relates from Sayyidina Abu Layla radiya Llahu ‘anhu who says, “I was by Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and Hassan ibn ‘Ali was present. He took a date from the sadaqah dates. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam snatched the date from him saying, ‘Do you not know that sadaqah is not permitted for us!’”[18]

 

The severing of every connection and relationship except the connection and relationship of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam:

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Umar ibn al Khattab:

 

عن جابر انه سمع عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنهما يقول للناس حين تزوج بنت على ألا تهنئونى سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يقول ينقطع يوم القيامة كل سبب و نسب إلا سببى و نسبى

Sayyidina Jabir radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that he heard Sayyidina ‘Umar ibn al Khattab radiya Llahu ‘anhu telling the people after he married the daughter of Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu, “Will you not congratulate me? I heard Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam saying, ‘On the Day of Qiyamah, every connection and relationship will cease except my connection and relationship.’”[19]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Miswar ibn Makhramah al Zuhri:

 

عن عبيد بن أبي رافع عن المسور رضي الله عنه أنه بعث أليه حسن بن حسن يخطب ابنته فقال له فيلقاني في العتمة قال فلقيه فحمد الله المسور و أثنى عليه ثم قال أما بعد و ايم الله ما من نسب و لا سبب و لا صهر أحب إلى من نسبكم و سببكم و صهركم و لكن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قال فاطمة بضعة منى يقبضنى ما يقبضها و يبسطني ما يبسطها و إن الأنساب يوم القيامة تنقطع غير نسبي و صهري و عندك ابنتها و لو زوجتك لقبضها ذلك فانطلق عاذرا له

‘Ubayd ibn Abi Rafi’ reports regarding Sayyidina Miswar that Hassan ibn Hassan sent a proposal to him for his daughter. Miswar told him to meet him that night. When they met, Miswar praised and glorified Allah and then said, “After praising Allah, I swear by Allah, there is no relationship, connection or in-laws more beloved to me than yours. However, Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam has stated, ‘Fatimah is a part of me. What displeases her displeases me and what pleases her pleases me. All relationships will be severed on the Day of Qiyamah except mines.’ You are married to her daughter. If I marry [my daughter] to you, it will displease her.” He then walked away and excused himself.[20]

 

Sayyidina Abu Bakr’s love for Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam family and giving them preference over his own family

 

The narration of Sayyidah Aisha:

 

‏عن ‏‏عائشة رضي الله عنها ‏أن‏ ‏فاطمة رضي الله عنها ‏أرسلت إلى ‏ ‏أبي بكر ‏تسأله ميراثها من النبي ‏‏صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ‏‏مما ‏أفاء‏ ‏الله على رسوله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم تطلب صدقة النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ألتي ‏‏بالمدينة ‏‏وفدك‏ ‏وما بقي من‏ ‏خمس‏ ‏خيبر فقال‏ ‏أبو بكر‏ ‏إن رسول الله ‏صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم‏ ‏قال ‏لا نورث ما تركنا فهو صدقة إنما يأكل آل ‏محمد من هذا المال يعنى مال الله ليس لهم أن يزيدوا على المأكل وإني والله لا أغير شيئا من صدقات النبي‏ ‏صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم‏ التي كانت عليها في عهد النبي‏ ‏صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ‏‏ولأعملن فيها بما عمل فيها رسول الله ‏صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ‏فتشهد ‏علي ‏ثم قال إنا قد عرفنا يا ‏أبا بكر‏ ‏فضيلتك و ذكر قرابتهم من رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و حقهم ‏‏فتكلم ‏‏أبو بكر ‏فقال والذي نفسي بيده لقرابة رسول الله ‏‏صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ‏أحب إلي أن أصل من قرابتي

Sayyidah Aisha radiya Llahu ‘anha reports that Sayyidah Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha sent someone to Sayyidina Abu Bakr radiya Llahu ‘anhu to ask him for her share of the Messenger’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam estate from what Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala gave him in Madinah and Fadak, and what was left from the fifth of the income (annually received) from Khaybar. Sayyidina Abu Bakr radiya Llahu ‘anhu said, “The Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘We [the Ambiya’] do not have any heirs; what we leave behind is given in charity. The household of the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam will eat from this wealth (revenue generated from properties).’ i.e. the wealth of Allah. They will not take more than their sustenance. By Allah, I will not alter the sadaqat of the Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam from the condition it was in during his time. I will most certainly deal with it exactly how Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam dealt with it.” ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu testified to the oneness of Allah and then said, “Indeed, we recognise your virtue, O Abu Bakr.” He [‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu] mentioned their relationship to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and their right. Abu Bakr radiya Llahu ‘anhu then spoke and said, “By the One Who has control of my life, maintaining good ties with the relatives of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is more beloved to me than maintaining good ties with my own relatives.”[21]

 

NEXT⇒  Chapter 1 – The narrations of the Sahabah on the virtues of Sayyidina Ibrahim ibn al Rasul and Sayyidah Zainab bint al Rasul salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam


[1] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab Ahadith al Ambiya’, bab yazfun al saffat hadith no. 3369; Sahih Muslim, Kitab al Salah, bab al salah ‘ala al Nabi hadith no. 407.

[2] Sahih Muslim, Kitab al Salah, bab al salah ‘ala al Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ba’d al tashahhud hadith no. 405.

[3] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab al Da’wat, bab al salah ‘ala al Nabi hadith no. 6358.

[4] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab al Da’wat, bab al salah ‘ala al Nabi hadith no. 6357; Sahih Muslim, Kitab al Salah, bab al salah ‘ala al Nabi hadith no. 406.

[5] Surah al Ahzab: 33

[6] Sahih Muslim, Fada’il al Sahabah, bab fada’il Ahl Bayt al Nabi hadith no. 2424.

[7] Surah al Ahzab: 33

[8] Al Hakim reported it in al Mustadrak, Kitab al Tafsir, bab tafsir Surah al Ahzab hadith no. 3559. He says, “This is a sahih hadith on the standards of Muslim which they [Bukhari and Muslim] have not narrated. Ibn Hibban has narrated this in his Sahih, Kitab Ikhbarihi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ‘an Manaqib al Sahabah Rijalihim wa Nisa’ihim hadith no. 6976 with similar words. It appears at the end:

قال واثلة فقلت من ناحية البيت و انا يا رسول الله من اهلك قال و انت من اهلى قال واثلة انها لمن ارجى ما ارتجى

Wathilah says, “I said from the corner of the room, ‘And am I from your household, O Rasulullah?’

He salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘You are from my household.’”

Wathilah comments, “Indeed, it is for he who has belief in his hopes.”

Al Arna’ut says, “Its isnad is sahih.”

[9] Invoke the curse of Allah upon oneself if one is wrong.

[10] Surah Al ‘Imran: 61

[11] Imam Muslim has narrated it in a lengthy narration in Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab min fada’il ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib radiya Llahu ‘anhu hadith no. 2404.

[12] Ibn Hibban has narrated it in his Sahih, Kitab Ikhbarihi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ‘an Manaqib al Sahabah, dhikr ijab al khulud fi al nar li mubghid Ahl Bayt al Mustafa salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam hadith no. 6978. Shu’ayb al Arna’ut has declared its isnad as Hassan. Al Hakim has recorded it in al Mustadrak hadith no. 4717, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, bab manaqib Ahl Rasulillah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. He says, “It is sahih according to the standards of Muslim but they have not recorded it.” Al Albani has declared it sahih in al Silsilah al Sahihah 2488.

[13] This is an address to the people encouraging them to honour and protect the Ahlul Bayt and not to harm or ill-treat them.

[14] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab manaqib qarabat al Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam hadith no. 3713; manaqib Abi ‘Ubaydah hadith no. 3751.

[15] Sahih Muslim, Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab min fada’il ‘Ali hadith no. 2408.

[16] Musnad Ahmed hadith no. 1723, 1727; Ibn Khuzaymah, Kitab al Zakat, bab dhikr tahrim al sadaqah hadith no. 2341. Al Albani has declared it sahih in Sahih al Tirmidhi 2518 (condensed) Abu Ya’la al Mawsili 6762. Muhaqqiq Salim Asad has declared its isnad as Hassan. Shu’ayb al Arna’ut has declared it sahih in al Musnad.

[17] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab al Zakat, bab akhdh al sadaqah fi siram al nakhl hadith no. 1485. See hadith no. 1491. Sahih Muslim, Kitab al Zakat, bab tahrim al Zakat ‘ala Rasulillah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam wa alih hadith no. 1069.

[18] Al Darami, Kitab al Zakat, bab al sadaqah la tahillu li al Nabi wa la li Ahl Baytih hadith no. 1643. Hussain Salim Asad has stated, “Its isnad is sahih.” The one who appears in the sanad is Abu Layla Yasar ibn NUmair the freed slave of Banu ‘Amr ibn ‘Awf radiya Llahu ‘anhu. It is said ‘Amr ibn Bulayl ibn Bilal ibn Uhayhah ibn al Jalah al Ansari; see Al Isabah vol. 4 pg. 607 and vol. 6 pg. 722.

[19] Al Tabarani has recorded it in al Awsat vol. 5 pg. 376 hadith no. 5605; in al Kabir vol. 3 pg. 45 hadith no. 2636. Al Haythami has narrated it in Majma’ al Zawa’id vol. 9 pg. 173 and commented, “Al Tabarani has narrated it in al Awsat and al Kabir condensed and his narrators are the narrators of al Sahih besides Hassan ibn Sahl who is reliable. Al Albani has categorised it as sahih is al Silsilah al Sahihah hadith no. 2036

[20] Fada’il al Sahabah of Imam Ahmed hadith no. 1347. Muhaqqiq Wasi Allah ‘Abbas declared it sahih. Al Hakim has narrated it in al Mustadrak, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, dhikr manaqib Fatimah hadith no. 4747. The wording is his. He says, “This hadith has a sahih isnad, but they (Sheikhayn) have not narrated it.” Al Dhahabi has written an explanatory note on it in al Talkhis declaring it sahih.

[21] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab manaqib qarabat Rasulillah hadith no. 3711; Sahih Muslim, Kitab al Jihad wa al Siyar, bab qawl al Nabi la nurath ma tarakna hadith no. 1759.