The narrations of the Ahlul Bayt on the virtues of Sayyidina ‘Umar al Faruq ibn al Khattab

BACK⇒ Return to Table of contents

 

The narrations of the Ahlul Bayt on the virtues of Sayyidina ‘Umar al Faruq ibn al Khattab

 

His Islam was the answered supplication of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam

 

The narration of Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas:

 

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قال اللهم أعز الإسلام بأبى جهل بن هشام أو بعمر بن الخطاب فأصبح عمر فغدا على رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فأسلم يومئذ

Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam supplicated, “O Allah, grant honour to Islam through either Abu Jahl ibn Hisham or ‘Umar ibn al Khattab. ‘Umar woke up the next morning, proceeded to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and accepted Islam on that very day.[1]

 

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما عن النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم أنه قال اللهم أعز الإسلام بعمر

Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam supplicated, “O Allah, grant honour to Islam through ‘Umar.”[2]

 

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is commanded to consult Abu Bakr and ‘Umar

 

The narration of Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas:

 

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما في قوله عز و جل وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ قال أبو بكر و عمر رضي الله عنهم

Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma while commentating on the command of Allah, “And consult them in the matter.”[3] He said, “It refers to Abu Bakr and ‘Umar.”[4]

 

His close attachment to Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas:

 

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال وضع عمر بن الخطاب على سريره فتكنفه الناس يدعون و يثنون و يصلون عليه قبل أن يرفع و أنا فيهم فلم يرعني إلا برجل قد أخذ بمنكبي من ورائي فالتفت اليه فاذا هو علي رضي الله عنه فترحم على عمر رضي الله عنه وقال ما خلفت أحدا أحب إلي أن ألقى الله بمثل عمله منك و ايم الله إن كنت لأظن أن يجعلك الله مع صاحبيك و ذلك أني كنت أكثر أسمع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول جئت أنا و أبو بكر و عمر و دخلت أنا و أبو بكر و عمر و خرجت أنا و أبو بكر و عمر

Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma recalls, “When ‘Umar ibn al Khattab was placed on his bier, people surrounded him and began praising him, supplicating for him and sending salutations upon him prior to him being carried away. I was among them. I was alarmed by a man who caught hold of my shoulder from behind. I turned around and it was ‘Ali. He invoked mercy upon ‘Umar and said, ‘There is none with whose actions I would be more pleased to meet Allah with than yours. By Allah, I have conviction that Allah will unite you with your two companions [i.e. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and Abu Bakr radiya Llahu ‘anhu]. This is owing to the fact that I often heard Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam saying, ‘I, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar came, I, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar entered, I, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar left.’”[5]

 

Occasions when the opinion of Sayyidina ‘Umar corresponded to revelation

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas:

 

عن ابن عباس عن عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنهم أنه قال لما مات عبد الله بن أبي بن سلول دعي له رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ليصلي عليه فلما قام رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم وثبت إليه فقلت يا رسول الله أتصلي على ابن أبي و قد قال يوم كذا و كذا كذا و كذا أعدد عليه قوله فتبسم رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و قال أخر عني يا عمر فلما أكثرت عليه قال إني خيرت فاخترت لو أعلم أني إن زدت على السبعين يغفر له لزدت عليها قال فصلى عليه رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ثم انصرف فلم يمكث إلا يسيرا حتى نزلت الآيتان من براءة وَلَا تُصَلِّ عَلٰی أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ مَّاتَ أَبَدًا وَّلَا تَقُمْ عَلٰی قَبْرِهٖ إِنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوْا بِاللهِ وَرَسُوْلِهٖ وَمَاتُوْا وَهُمْ فٰسِقُوْنَ فعجبت بعد من جرأتي على رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم يومئذ و الله و رسوله أعلم

Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma reports from Sayyidina ‘Umar ibn al Khattab, “When ‘Abdullah ibn Ubay ibn Salul died, Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was requested to perform Salat al Janazah upon him. As Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam stood, I jumped in front of him and submitted, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Are you going to perform Salat al Janazah upon Ibn Ubay whereas he said on such and such a day, such and such a thing?’ repeating his words to him. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam just smiled and said, ‘Move away from me, O ‘Umar.’ When I persisted, Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘I was given a choice and I made one. Had I known that if I increase over 70 times he will be forgiven, I would have increased.’ Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam thus performed Salat al Janazah upon him and then left. It was not long and two verses from surah al Bara’ah were revealed:

وَلَا تُصَلِّ عَلٰۤی أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ مَّاتَ أَبَدًا وَّلَا تَقُمْ عَلٰی قَبْرِهٖ ؕ إِنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوْا بِاللہِ وَرَسُوْلِهٖ وَمَاتُوْا وَهُمْ فٰسِقُوْنَ

And do not pray [the funeral prayer, O Muhammad], over any of them who has died—ever—or stand at his grave. Indeed, they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger and died while they were defiantly disobedient.[6]

Thereafter, I would regret at the audacity I displayed in front of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam on that day. And Allah and His Messenger know better.[7]

 

و عن ابن عباس أن عبد الله بن أبي قال له أبوه أي بني أطلب لي من رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ثوبا من ثيابه تكفنني فيه و مره يصلي علي فقال عبد الله يا رسول الله قد عرفت شرف عبد الله و أنه أمرني أن أطلب إليك ثوبا نكفنه به و أن تصلي عليه فأعطاه ثوبا من ثيابه و أراد أن يصلي عليه فقال عمر يا رسول الله قد عرفت عبد الله و نفاقه أتصلي عليه و قد نهاك الله أن تصلي عليه قال و أين قال إِسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ أَوْ لَا تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ إِنْ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ سَبْعِيْنَ مَرَّةً فَلَنْ یَّغْفِرَ اللهُ لَهُمْ ذٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوْا بِاللهِ وَرَسُوْلِهٖ وَاللهُ لَا یَهْدِی الْقَوْمَ الْفٰسِقِيْنَ قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فأني سأزيده فأنزل الله عز و جل وَلَا تُصَلِّ عَلٰۤی أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ مَّاتَ أَبَدًا وَّلَا تَقُمْ عَلٰی قَبْرِهٖ إِنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوْا بِاللهِ وَرَسُوْلِهٖ وَمَاتُوْا وَهُمْ فٰسِقُوْنَ و أنزل الله سَوَآءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَسْتَغْفَرْتَ لَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ ؕ لَنْ یَّغْفِرَ اللهُ لَهُمْ ؕ إِنَّ اللهَ لَا یَهْدِی الْقَوْمَ الْفٰسِقِيْنَ قال و دخل رجل على رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فأطال الجلوس فخرج النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ثلاثا لكي يتبعه فلم يفعل فدخل عمر فرأى الكراهية في وجه رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم بمقعده فقال لعلك آذيت النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ففطن الرجل فقام فقال النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم لقد قمت ثلاثا لتتبعني فلم تفعل فقال يا رسول الله لو اتخذت حاجبا فإن نساءك لسن كسائر النساء و هو أطهر لقلوبهن فأنزل الله یٰأَیُّهَا الَّذِيْنَ أٰمَنُوْا لَا تَدْخُلُوْا بُیُوْتَ النَّبِیِّ إِلَّاۤ أَنْ یُّؤْذَنَ لَكُمْ إِلٰی طَعَامٍ غَيْرَ نٰظِرِيْنَ إِنٰىهُ فأرسل رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم إلى عمر فأخبره بذلك قال و استشار رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم أبا بكر و عمر في الأسارى فقال أبو بكر يا رسول الله استحي قومك و خذ منهم الفداء فاستعن به و قال عمر بن الخطاب اقتلهم فقال لو اجتعتما ما عصيناكما فأخذ رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم بقول أبى بكر فأنزل الله عز و جل مَا كَانَ لِنَبِیٍّ أَنْ یَّكُوْنَ لَهۤ أَسْرٰی حَتّٰی یُثْخِنَ فِي الْأَرْضِ تُرِيْدُوْنَ عَرَضَ الدُّنْیَا وَاللهُ یُرِيْدُ الْأٰخِرَةَ وَاللهُ عَزِيْزٌ حَکِيْمٌ قال ثم نزلت وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ سُلٰلَةٍ مِّنْ طِيْنٍ ثُمَّ جَعَلْنٰهُ نُطْفَةً فِيْ قَرَارٍ مَّکِيْنٍ إلى آخر الآيات فقال عمر تبارك الله أحسن الخالقين فأنزلت فَتَبٰرَكَ اللهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخٰلِقِيْنَ

Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma relates that ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Ubay’s father said to him, “O my son, obtain for me one of Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam garments and shroud me in it; and request him to perform my Salat al Janazah.”

‘Abdullah said, “O Messenger of Allah! You know the status of ‘Abdullah ibn Ubay. He has ordered me to obtain a garment from you in which we may shroud him and that you perform Salat al Janazah upon him.”

Accordingly, Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam gave him one of his garments.

He intended to perform Salat al Janazah upon him but ‘Umar said, “O Messenger of Allah! You know ‘Abdullah and his hypocrisy; are you going to perform Salat al Janazah upon him whereas Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala has prohibited you from the same?”

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam asked, “Where?”

He replied:

إِسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ أَوْ لَا تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ ؕ إِنْ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ سَبْعِيْنَ مَرَّةً فَلَنْ یَّغْفِرَ اللهُ لَهُمْ ؕ ذٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوْا بِاللهِ وَرَسُوْلِهٖ ؕ وَاللهُ لَا یَهْدِی الْقَوْمَ الْفٰسِقِيْنَ

Ask forgiveness for them, [O Muhammad], or do not ask forgiveness for them. If you should ask forgiveness for them seventy times – never will Allah forgive them. That is because they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger, and Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.[8]

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam commented, “I will increase upon that.”

Thereupon Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala revealed:

وَلَا تُصَلِّ عَلٰۤی أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ مَّاتَ أَبَدًا وَّلَا تَقُمْ عَلٰی قَبْرِهٖ ؕ إِنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوْا بِاللهِ وَرَسُوْلِهٖ وَمَاتُوْا وَهُمْ فٰسِقُوْنَ

And do not pray [the funeral prayer, O Muhammad], over any of them who has diedever—or stand at his grave. Indeed, they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger and died while they were defiantly disobedient.[9]

And Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala revealed:

سَوَآءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَسْتَغْفَرْتَ لَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ ؕ لَنْ یَّغْفِرَ اللهُ لَهُمْ ؕ إِنَّ اللهَ لَا یَهْدِی الْقَوْمَ الْفٰسِقِيْنَ

It is all the same for them whether you ask forgiveness for them or do not ask forgiveness for them; never will Allah forgive them. Indeed, Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.[10]

He states further, “A man entered upon Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and prolonged his sitting. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam exited thrice so that the man may follow him, but he did not. Just then ‘Umar entered and saw dislike in the face of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam due to the man’s sitting so he told him, ‘Probably you have caused discomfort to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.’ The man understood and stood up. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘I stood up thrice so that you may follow me but you did not.’ Thereupon ‘Umar suggested, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Why do you not keep a veil because your wives are not like other women and it is purer for their hearts?’ Allah revealed accordingly:

یٰأَیُّهَا الَّذِيْنَ أٰمَنُوْا لَا تَدْخُلُوْا بُیُوْتَ النَّبِیِّ إِلَّاۤ أَنْ یُّؤْذَنَ لَكُمْ إِلٰی طَعَامٍ غَيْرَ نٰظِرِيْنَ إِنٰىةُ

O you who have believed, do not enter the houses of the Prophet except when you are permitted for a meal, without awaiting its readiness.[11]

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam thus sent for ‘Umar and informed him of this [command].

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam consulted Abu Bakr and ‘Umar regarding the captives [of Badr].

Abu Bakr proposed, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Spare your nation. Take ransom from them and use it as financial support.’

‘Umar ibn al Khattab radiya Llahu ‘anhu suggested, ‘Kill them.’

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam remarked, ‘Had you two been unanimous, we would not have disobeyed you.’

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam practiced upon the proposal of Abu Bakr radiya Llahu ‘anhu whereupon Allah revealed:

مَا كَانَ لِنَبِیٍّ أَنْ یَّكُوْنَ لَهٗۤ أَسْرٰی حَتّٰی یُثْخِنَ فِي الْأَرْضِ ؕ تُرِيْدُوْنَ عَرَضَ الدُّنْیَا ۖ وَاللهُ یُرِيْدُ الْأٰخِرَةَ ؕ وَاللهُ عَزِيْزٌ حَکِيْمٌ

It is not for a prophet to have captives [of war] until he inflicts a massacre [upon Allah’s enemies] in the land. Some Muslims desire the commodities of this world, but Allah desires [for you] the Hereafter. And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.[12]

He continues, “These verses was revealed till the end:

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ سُلٰلَةٍ مِّنْ طِيْنٍ ثُمَّ جَعَلْنٰهُ نُطْفَةً فِيْ قَرَارٍ مَّکِيْنٍ

And certainly did We create man from an extract of clay. Then We placed him as a sperm-drop in a firm lodging.[13]

So ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhu exclaimed, ‘Blessed is Allah, the best of creators.’ So this was revealed:

فَتَبٰرَكَ اللهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخٰلِقِيْنَ

So blessed is Allah, the best of creators.[14][15]

 

عن عبد الله بن عباس قال حدثني عمر بن الخطاب قال لما كان يوم بدر نظر رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم إلى المشركين و هم ألف و أصحابه ثلاث مئة و تسعة عشر رجلا فاستقبل نبي الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم القبلة ثم مد يديه فجعل يهتف بربه اللهم أنجز لي ما وعدتني اللهم آت ما وعدتني اللهم إن تهلك هذه العصابة من أهل الإسلام لا تعبد في الأرض فما زال يهتف بربه مادا يديه مستقبل القبلة حتى سقط رداؤه عن منكبيه فأتاه أبو بكر فأخذ رداءه فألقاه على منكبيه ثم التزمه من ورائه و قال يا نبي الله كفاك مناشدتك ربك فإنه سينجز لك ما وعدك فأنزل الله عز و جل إِذْ تَسْتَغِيْثُوْنَ رَبَّكُمْ فَاسْتَجَابَ لَكُمْ أَنِّيْ مُمِدُّكُمْ بِأَلْفٍ مِّنَ الْمَلٰٓئِكَةِ مُرْدِفِيْنَ فأمده الله بالملائكة

قال أبو زميل فحدثني ابن عباس قال بينما رجل من المسلمين يومئذ يشتد في أثر رجل من المشركين أمامه إذ سمع ضربة بالسوط فوقه و صوت الفارس يقول أقدم حيزوم فنظر إلى المشرك أمامه فخر مستلقيا فنظر إليه فإذا هو قد خطم أنفه و شق وجهه كضربة السوط فاخضر ذلك أجمع فجاء الأنصاري فحدث رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فقال صدقت ذلك من مدد السماء الثالثة فقتلوا يومئذ سبعين و أسروا سبعين

قال أبو زميل قال ابن عباس فلما أسروا الأسارى قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم لأبي بكر و عمر ما ترون في هؤلاء الأساري فقال أبو بكر يا نبي الله هم بنو العم و العشيرة أرى أن تأخذ منهم فدية فتكون لنا قوة على الكفار فعسى الله أن يهديهم للإسلام فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ما ترى يا ابن الخطاب قلت لا و الله يا رسول الله ما أرى الذي رأى أبو بكر و لكني أرى أن تمكنا فنضرب أعناقهم فتمكن عليا من عقيل فيضرب عنقه و تمكني من فلان نسيبا لعمر فأضرب عنقه فإن هؤلاء أئمة الكفر و صناديدها فهوى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ما قال أبو بكر و لم يهو ما قلت فلما كان من الغد جئت فإذا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و أبو بكر قاعدين يبكيان قلت يا رسول الله أخبرني من أي شيء تبكي أنت و صاحبك فإن وجدت بكاء بكيت و إن لم أجد بكاء تباكيت لبكائكما فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم أبكي للذي عرض علي أصحابك من أخذهم الفداء لقد عرض علي عذابهم أدنى من هذه الشجرة شجرة قريبة من نبي الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و أنزل الله عز و جل مَا كَانَ لِنَبِیٍّ أَنْ یَّكُوْنَ لَهٗۤ أَسْرٰی حَتّٰی یُثْخِنَ فِي الْأَرْضِ إلى قوله فَكُلُوْا مِمَّا غَنِمْتُمْ حَلٰلًا طَیِّبًا وَّ اتَّقُوا اللهَ فأحل الله الغنيمة لهم

Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma says that Sayyidina ‘Umar ibn al Khattab radiya Llahu ‘anhu enlightened him, “On the Day of Badr, Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam gazed at the mushrikin and they were a thousand whereas his companions were 319 men. Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam faced the Qiblah, raised his hands and began imploring his Rabb, ‘O Allah! Fulfil what You promised me. O Allah! Complete what You assured me. O Allah! If this battalion of Islam has to be annihilated, You will not be worshipped on earth.’ He continued beseeching his Rabb facing the Qiblah with his hands outstretched until his shawl fell off his shoulders. Abu Bakr approached him, took his shawl and placed it on his shoulders. He then hugged him from behind and submitted, ‘O Prophet of Allah! You have pleaded to your Rabb satisfactorily. He will most certainly fulfil His promise to you. Allah revealed:

إِذْ تَسْتَغِيْثُوْنَ رَبَّكُمْ فَاسْتَجَابَ لَكُمْ أَنِّيْ مُمِدُّكُمْ بِأَلْفٍ مِّنَ الْمَلٰٓئِكَةِ مُرْدِفِيْنَ

[Remember] when you asked help of your Lord, and He answered you, “Indeed, I will reinforce you with a thousand from the angels, following one another.”[16]

Allah then assisted them with the angels.”

Abu Zumayl says that Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma narrated to him [from Sayyidina ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhu], “On that day, while a man from the Muslims was in hot pursuit of a man from the mushrikin, he heard a slash of whip above him and the voice of a horseman saying, ‘Run, Hayzum!’ He witnessed the mushrik in front of him falling flat to the ground. He then looked at him and noticed that his nose was scarred and his face was disfigured with the mark of a whip and had turned all green. The Ansari came and narrated this to Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam who remarked, ‘You have spoken the truth. This was help from the third heaven.’ Seventy of them were killed on that day and seventy were taken captive.”

Abu Zumayl says that Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma continued [from Sayyidina ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhu]:

When the prisoners were taken captive, Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam asked Abu Bakr and ‘Umar, “What are your opinions about these captives?”

Abu Bakr submitted, “O Prophet of Allah! They are your cousins and family. I feel that you should take ransom from them which will be a means of [financial] strength for us against the kuffar. Perhaps Allah will guide them to Islam.”

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam then asked, “What do you feel, O son of al Khattab?”

I said, ‘No by Allah, O Messenger of Allah! I do not feel the way Abu Bakr feels. I feel that you should allow us to execute them. Hand ‘Aqil over to ‘Ali and he should behead him and hand over so-and-so—a relative of ‘Umar—to me so I may behead him. Indeed, these are the leaders and notables of kufr.”

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam opted for Abu Bakr’s proposal and not mines. The following day, I came and saw Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and Abu Bakr sitting and crying.

I said, “O Messenger of Allah! Inform me what makes you and your Companion cry; if I can cry I would, otherwise I will fake crying due to your crying.”

Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam explained, ‘I am weeping over what befell your friends for taking ransom. Their punishment was presented to me [and it had descended] lower than this tree—a tree near Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. Allah revealed:

مَا كَانَ لِنَبِیٍّ أَنْ یَّكُوْنَ لَهٗۤ أَسْرٰی حَتّٰی یُثْخِنَ فِي الْأَرْضِ ؕ تُرِيْدُوْنَ عَرَضَ الدُّنْیَا ۖ وَاللهُ یُرِيْدُ الْأٰخِرَةَ ؕ وَاللهُ عَزِيْزٌ حَکِيْمٌ لَوْلَا کِتٰبٌ مِّنَ اللهِ سَبَقَ لَمَسَّكُمْ فِيْمَاۤ أَخَذْتُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيْمٌ فَكُلُوْا مِمَّا غَنِمْتُمْ حَلٰلًا طَیِّبًا ۫ۖ وَّ اتَّقُوا اللهَ ؕ

It is not for a prophet to have captives [of war] until he inflicts a massacre [upon Allah’s enemies] in the land. Some Muslims desire the commodities of this world, but Allah desires [for you] the Hereafter. And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise. If not for a decree from Allah that preceded, you would have been touched for what you took by a great punishment. So consume what you have taken of war booty [as being] lawful and good, and fear Allah.[17]

Thus, Allah permitted the booty for them.”[18]

 

Sayyidina ‘Umar was the voice of wisdom

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Ali:

 

عن على رضي الله عنه قال إذا ذكر الصالحون فحيهلا بعمر ما كنا نبعد أصحاب محمد صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم أن السكينة تنطق على لسان عمر

Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu states, “When the pious are mentioned then begin with ‘Umar. We—the Companions of Muhammad salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam—had no doubt that ‘Umar was the voice of wisdom.”[19]

 

Sayyidina ‘Umar is the most superior of this ummah after Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and Sayyidina Abu Bakr al Siddiq

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Ali:

 

و عن أبى جحيفة قال سمعت عليا قال ألا أخبركم بخير هذه الأمة بعد نبيها فقالوا نعم فقال أبو بكر ثم قال ألا أخبركم بخير هذه الأمة بعد أبي بكر قالوا نعم فقال عمر ثم قال ألا أخبركم بخير هذه الأمة بعد عمر فقالوا بلى فسكت

Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu said, “Should I not inform you of the most superior of this ummah after their Nabi?”

The people replied positively.

He said, “Abu Bakr.”

He then asked, “Should I not inform you of the most superior of this ummah after Abu Bakr?”

They replied in the affirmative.

He said, “‘Umar.”

He then asked, “Should I not inform you of the most superior of this ummah after ‘Umar?”

They said, “Yes.”

However, he remained silent.[20]

 

Abu Bakr and ‘Umar and the leaders of the middle-aged men of Jannat

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Ali:

 

عن علي أن النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم قال أبو بكر و عمر سيدا كهول أهل الجنة من الأولين و الآخرين ما خلا النبيين و المرسلين لا تخبرهما يا علي

Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports that Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam affirmed, “Abu Bakr and ‘Umar will be the leaders of the middle aged people in Jannat, those who preceded them and those who succeeded them, with the exception of the Ambiya’ and the Rusul (Messengers). Do not inform them, O ‘Ali!”[21]

 

His acceptance of advice from his comrades

 

The narration of Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas:

 

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال قدم عيينة بن حصن بن حذيفة فنزل على ابن أخيه الحر بن قيس و كان من النفر الذين يدنيهم عمر و كان القراء أصحاب مجالس عمر و مشاورته كهولا كانوا أو شبانا فقال عيينة لابن أخيه يا ابن أخي هل لك وجه عند هذا الأمير فاستأذن لي عليه قال سأستأذن لك عليه قال ابن عباس فاستأذن الحر لعيينة فأذن له عمر فلما دخل عليه قال هيه يا ابن الخطاب فوالله ما تعطينا الجزل و لا تحكم بيننا بالعدل فضغب عمر حتى هم أن يوقع به فقال له الحر يا أمير المؤمنين إن الله تعالى قال لنبيه صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم خُذِ الْعَفْوَ وَاۡمُرْ بِالْعُرْفِ وَ أَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْجٰہِلِيْنَ و إن هذا من الجاهلين و الله ما جاوزها عمر حين تلاها عليه و كان وقافا عند كتاب الله

Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma states, “‘Uyaynah ibn Hisn ibn Hudhaifah arrived and settled by his nephew Hurr ibn Qais who was among those ‘Umar would keep close to him for council. The qurra’, both middle aged and youngsters, were the participants of ‘Umar’s gatherings.

‘Uyaynah said to his nephew, ‘O nephew! Do you have contact with this leader so that you may seek permission for me to meet him?’

Hurr said, ‘I will seek permission for you.’

Hurr sought permission for ‘Uyaynah and ‘Umar granted him permission.

When he entered in his presence, he said, ‘Hey, O Ibn al Khattab! By Allah, you do not give us adequately and you do not judge justly between us.’

‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhu became so enraged that he wanted to strike him.

Hurr said to him, ‘O Amir al Mu’minin! Certainly, Allah commanded His Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam:

خُذِ الْعَفْوَ وَاْمُرْ بِالْعُرْفِ وَ أَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْجٰهِلِيْنَ

Observe pardon, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the ignorant.[22]

And this man is among the ignorant.’

By Allah! ‘Umar stopped immediately when he recited it to him. And he would always stop when the Book of Allah was recited to him.[23]

 

عن عبيد الله بن عبد الله أن ابن عباس أخبره أن عبد الرحمن بن عوف رجع إلى أهله و هو بمنى في آخر حجة حجها عمر فوجدني فقال عبد الرحمن فقلت يا أمير المؤمنين إن الموسم يجمع رعاع الناس و غوغاءهم و إني أرى أن تمهل حتى تقدم المدينة فإنها دار الهجرة و السنة و السلامة و تخلص لأهل الفقه و أشراف الناس و ذوي رأيهم قال عمر لأقومن في أول مقام أقومه بالمدينة

During the last Hajj led by ‘Umar, ‘Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Auf returned to his family at Mina and met me there.

‘Abdur Rahman said (to ‘Umar), “O chief of the believers! The season of Hajj is the season when there comes the scum of the people (besides the good amongst them), so I recommend that you should wait till you go back to Madinah, for it is the place of Migration and Sunnah, and there you will be able to refer the matter to the religious scholars and the nobles and the people of wise opinions.”

‘Umar said, “I will speak of it in Madinah on my very first sermon I will deliver there.”[24]

 

Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas’s awe for ‘Umar and his desire to benefit from his knowledge

 

عن عبيد بن حنين قال سمعت ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما يقول كنت أريد أن أسال عمر عن المرأتين اللتين تظاهرتا على رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فمكثت سنة فلم أجد له موضعا حتى خرجت معه حاجا فلما كنا بظهران ذهب عمر لحاجته فقال أدركني بالوضوء فأدركته بالإداوة فجعلت أسكب عليه الماء و رأيت موضعا فقلت يا أمير المؤمنين من المرأتان اللتان تظاهرتا قال ابن عباس فما أتممت كلامي حتى قال عائشة و حفصة

Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma said, “I intended to ask ‘Umar about those two ladies who backed each other against Allah’s Messenger salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. For one year I was seeking the opportunity to ask this question, but in vain, until once when I accompanied him for Hajj. While we were in Zahran, ‘Umar went to answer the call of nature and told me to follow him with some water for ablution. So I followed him with a container of water and started pouring water for him.

I found it a good opportunity to ask him, so I said, “O Amir al Mu’minin! Who were those two ladies who had backed each other (against the Nabi)?”

Before I could complete my question, he replied, “They were Aisha and Hafsah.”[25]

 

His extreme fear for Allah

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas:

 

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال قال لي عمر الآن لو أن لي الدنيا و ما فيها لافتديت به من هول يوم المطلع قال ابن عباس فقلت صحبت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم ففارقك و هو عنك راض و صحبت أبا بكر ففارقك و هو عنك راض ثم وليت المسلمين فعدلت فيهم قال أعد علي كلماتك

Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma narrates that Sayyidina ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhu informed him, “Had I possessed the world and what it contains, I would have indeed paid it as ransom from the terror of the Day of Qiyamah.”

Ibn ‘Abbas narrates, “I said, ‘You accompanied Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and he separated from you while he was pleased with you. You accompanied Abu Bakr and he separated from you while he was pleased with you. Then you were given authority over the Muslims and you exercised justice.’ Whereupon he entreated, ‘Repeat your words to me.’”[26]

 

Sayyidina ‘Umar’s lofty rank

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Ali:

 

عن قيس الخارفي قال سمعت عليا يقول سبق رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و صلى أبو بكر و ثلث عمر ثم خبطتنا أو أصابتنا فتنة فما شاء الله أو أصابتنا فتنة يعفو الله عمن يشاء

Qais al Kharifi reports that he heard Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu saying, “Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam led, Abu Bakr was second, and ‘Umar came third. Thereafter fitnah struck us; and whatever Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala desired came to pass—or he said, fitnah afflicted us; Allah will forgive whom He wishes.”[27]

 

Sayyidina ‘Ali’s praise for Sayyidina ‘Umar:

 

The narration of Sayyidina ‘Ali:

 

عن علي رضي الله عنه أنه قال يوم الجمل إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم لم يعهد إلينا عهدا نأخذ به في إمارة و لكنه شيء رأيناه من قبل أنفسنا استخلف أبو بكر رحمة الله على أبي بكر فأقام و استقام ثم استخلف عمر رحمة الله على عمر فأقام و استقام حتى ضرب الدين بجرانه

Sayyidina ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu acknowledged on the Day of Jamal, “Certainly, Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam did not give us clear instructions which we should observe with regards to leadership. It is a matter we decided ourselves. Abu Bakr was appointed khalifah, may the mercy of Allah be upon Abu Bakr. He established din and remained steadfast on the same. Thereafter ‘Umar was appointed khalifah, may the mercy of Allah be upon ‘Umar. He likewise established din and remained resolute on the same until it became firmly grounded.”[28]

 

عن ابن الحنفية قال قلت لأبي من خير الناس بعد النبي صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فقال أبو بكر قلت ثم من قال ثم عمر قال قلت فأنت قال أبوك رجل من المسلمين

Ibn al Hanafiyyah reports, “I asked my father, ‘Who is the most superior of men after Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam?’

He said, ‘Abu Bakr.’

I asked, ‘Then who?’

‘Umar,’ he replied.

‘Then you,’ I said.

He explained, ‘Your father is just a man from the Muslims.’”[29]

 

The narration of ‘Abbas:

 

عن العباس قال نعم الرجل عمر كان لي جارا فكان ليله قيام و نهاره صيام و في حوائج الناس قال فسألت ربي أن يرينيه في المنام فأرانيه رأس الحول و هو جاء من السوق مستحي فقلت ما صنع بك أو ما لقيت قال فقال كاد عرشي أن يهوى لولا أن لقيت ربا رحيما

Sayyidina ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhu declared, “‘Umar is an excellent person. He was my neighbour; his nights were spent standing in prayer and his days were spent in fasting and fulfilling the needs of people. [After his demise] I asked Allah to show him to me in a dream and I blessed with a vision of him at the end of the year. He was approaching bashfully from the market.

I asked, ‘What happened to you—or what did you experience?’

He said, ‘My throne was about to topple had I not met a Merciful Rabb.’”[30]

 

The narration of Sayyidina Miswar ibn Makhramah from Ibn ‘Abbas:

 

عن المسور بن مخرمة قال لما طعن عمر جعل يألم فقال له ابن عباس و كأنه يجزعه يا أمير المؤمنين و لئن كان ذاك لقد صحبت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم فأحسنت صحبته ثم فارقته و هو عنك راض ثم صحبت أبا بكر فأحسنت صحبته ثم فارقته و هو عنك راض ثم صحبت صحبتهم فأحسنت صحبتهم و لئن فارقتهم لتفارقنهم و هم عنك راضون قال أما ما ذكرت من صحبة رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و رضاه فإنما ذاك من من الله تعالى من به علي و أما ما ذكرت من صحبة أبي بكر و رضاه فإنما ذاك من من الله جل ذكره من به علي و أما ما ترى من جزعي فهو من أجلك و أجل أصحابك و الله لو أن لي طلاع الأرض ذهبا لافتديت به من عذاب الله عز و جل قبل أن أراه

Sayyidina Miswar ibn Makhramah radiya Llahu ‘anhu reports, “When ‘Umar was stabbed, he was in severe pain. Ibn ‘Abbas said to him, so as to pacify him, ‘O Amir al Mu’minin, never mind what has happened to you, you have accompanied Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and you kept good relations with him. You then parted with him while he was pleased with you. Thereafter you were in the company of Abu Bakr radiya Llahu ‘anhu and kept good relations with him. You parted with him while he was pleased with you. Then you were in the company of the Muslims, and you kept good relations with them, and if you leave them, you leave them while they are pleased with you.’

‘Umar said, ‘Regarding what you mentioned about Rasulullah’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam companionship and pleasure, this is the special favour of Allah which He bestowed upon me. Concerning what you mentioned about Abu Bakr’s companionship and pleasure, it is a special favour of Allah which He favoured me with. And with regards to my anxiety; what you see, it is because of you and your companions. By Allah, had I possessed the earth filled with gold, I would have ransomed myself from the punishment of Allah before I meet Him.’”[31]

 

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال دخلت على عمر حين طعن فقلت أبشر بالجنة يا أمير المؤمنين أسلمت حين كفر الناس و جاهدت مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم حين خذله الناس و قبض رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله و سلم و هو عنك راض و لم يختلف في خلافتك اثنان و قتلت شهيدا فقال أعد علي فأعدت عليه فقال و الله الذي لا إله غيره لو أن لي ما على الأرض من صفراء و بيضاء لافتديت به من هول المطلع

Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhuma reports that he entered upon ‘Umar after he was stabbed and said, “O Amir al Mu’minin, rejoice with Jannat. You accepted Islam when people disbelieved, you fought alongside Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam when people abandoned him, Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam passed away while he was pleased with you, no two men disputed regarding your Caliphate, and [now] you are dying as a martyred.”

He said, “Repeat your words to me.”

So I repeated them to him.

He then said, “By Allah, besides Whom there is no deity, had I possessed all the gold and silver on the face of the earth, I would have paid it ransom from the horrors of death.”[32]

 

 
NEXT⇒ The narrations of the Ahlul Bayt on the virtues of Dhu al Nurayn Sayyidina ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan


[1] Imam Ahmed narrated it in al Fada’il hadith 311; al Tirmidhi vol. 5 pg. 618 hadith no. 3683 and stated, “This is a gharib hadith.” al Tabarani in al Kabir vol. 11 pg. 255 hadith no. 11657. This isnad is very da’if as the muhaqqiq Wasi Allah ‘Abbas of al Fada’il has stated except that the hadith is sahih due to the combination of its shawahid.

[2] al Hakim narrated it in al Mustadrak vol. 3 pg. 89 hadith no. 4484 and stated, “Isnad is sahih but they have not recorded it.” al Dhahabi agreed with him. al Albani declared it sahih in al Silsilah al Sahihah 3225 due to the many turuq.

[3] Surah Al ‘Imran: 159

[4] al Hakim narrated it in al Mustadrak, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, bab ‘Umar ibn al Khattab radiya Llahu ‘anhu vol. 3 pg. 74 hadith 4436 and stated, “Sahih according to the standards of Sheikhayn but they have not recorded it.” al Dhahabi agreed with him.

[5] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab manaqib ‘Umar ibn al Khattab hadith no. 3685; Sahih Muslim, Kitab Fada’il al Sahabah, bab min Fada’il ‘Umar ibn al Khattab hadith no. 14, 2389.

[6] Surah al Towbah: 84

[7] al Bukhari narrated it in al Jana’iz, bab ma yukrahu min al salah ‘ala al munafiqin hadith 1366 and in al Tafsir Surah al Tawbah hadith 4671, 4672

[8] Surah al Towbah: 80

[9] Surah al Towbah: 84

[10] Surah al Munafiqun: 6

[11] Surah al Ahzab: 53

[12] Surah al Anfal: 67

[13] Surah al Mu’minun: 12 – 13

[14] Surah al Mu’minun: 14

[15] Al Tabarani narrated it in al Kabir vol. 11 pg. 438 hadith 12244 and in al Awsat vol. 6 pg. 16 hadith 5662. Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 67, 68 and stated, “Al Tabarani narrated it in al Kabir and al Awsat and said, ‘If you united [on one opinion], I would not have opposed you.’ Abu ‘Ubaydah ibn al Fudayl ibn ‘Iyad is in the sanad who is layyin (slightly weak). The rest of the narrators are reliable.” Al Tirmidhi narrated it condensed in al Tafsir, hadith 3097 and stated, “Hassan sahih.” Sheikh al Albani declared it sahih. The hadith has shawahid.

[16] Surah al Anfal: 9

[17] Surah al Anfal: 67-69

[18] Sahih Muslim, Kitab al Jihad wa al Siyar, bab al imdad bi al mala’ikah fi ghazwat badr hadith no. 1763.

[19] Al Tabarani narrated it in al Awsat vol. 5 pg. 359 hadith no. 5549 and from the same chain Abu Nuaim in al Hilyat vol. 4 pg. 152. Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 68, “Al Tabarani narrated it in al Awsat and his isnad is Hassan.” The last portion of the hadith has been narrated by Ibn Abi Shaybah in his Musannaf vol. 6 pg. 354 hadith no. 31974; ‘Abdul Razzaq in his Musannaf vol. 11 pg. 222 hadith no. 20380; Imam Ahmed in his Musnad vol. 1 pg. 106 hadith no. 834 with an addition in the beginning, al Arna’ut said, “His isnad is qawi.” In al Fada’il 310, Wasi Allah ‘Abbas declared it sahih.

[20] Imam Ahmed narrated it in Fada’il al Sahabah vol. 1 pg. 95 hadith no. 44, 45. Wasi Allah ‘Abbas declared it sahih. Al Musnad no. 871. Its isnad is Hassan. It comes from many chains from ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu.

[21] Al Tirmidhi, Kitab al Manaqib, bab manaqib Abi Bakr wa ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhuma hadith no. 3666; Ibn Majah narrates it in the muqaddamah hadith no. 95; Imam Ahmed, Fada’il al Sahabah hadith no. 141, 202; ‘Abdullah bin Ahmed ibn Zawa’id al Musnad vol. 1 p. 80; Abu Ya’la in his Musnad hadith no. 533; al Albani and al Arna’ut have declared it sahih.

[22] Surah al A’raf: 199

[23] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab al Tafsir Surah al A’raf hadith 4642 and in Kitab al I’tisam, bab al iqtida’ bi Sunan Rasulillah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam hadith 7286.

[24] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab Manaqib al Ansar, bab maqdam al Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam wa ashabuhu al Madinah 3928.

[25] Sahih al Bukhari, Kitab al Tafsir, bab in tatuba ila Allah faqad saghat qulubukuma hadith no. 4915.

[26] Imam Ahmed narrated it in Fada’il al Sahabah hadith 584. Wasi Allah ‘Abbas declared it sahih. Al Hakim in al Mustadrak vol. 3 pg. 98 hadith no. 4515; Ibn Sa’d in Al Tabaqat vol. 3 pg. 354. Al Haythami mentioned it in al Majma’ vol. 9 pg. 76 and said, “Abu Ya’la narrated it and his narrators are the narrators of al Sahih.”

[27] Imam Ahmed narrated it in al Musnad, Musnad ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, hadith no. 895, 1020, 1258 and in Fada’il al Sahabah no. 241, 242, 244; al Bukhari in al Kabir vol. 7 pg. 173; al Hakim in al Mustadrak vol. 3 pg. 71 hadith no. 4426 and he stated, “Isnad is sahih but they have not recorded it.” Al Dhahabi agreed with him. Al Tabarani in al Awsat vol. 2 pg. 177 hadith no. 1639. Al Haythami mentioned it in Majma’ al Zawa’id vol. 9 pg. 54 and said, “Ahmed narrated it and said, “‘Trials afflicted us,’ he intends to show humility by this statement.” Al Tabarani narrated it in al Awsat and the narrators of Ahmed are reliable.” Al Arna’ut declared it sahih in al Musnad 895.

[28] Imam Ahmed narrated it in al Musnad hadith no. 921 and in al Fada’il no. 477; al Hakim in al Mustadrak vol. 3 pg. 112 hadith no. 4558; Ibn Abi ‘Asim in al Sunnah hadith no. 1218. Wasi Allah ‘Abbas declared the isnad sahih.

[29] Sahih al Bukhari, hadith no. 3671 from Muhammad ibn al Hanafiyyah from ‘Ali; Imam Ahmed in al Musnad from Abu Juhayfah at many places example 833, 836, 837 etc., and in al Fada’il hadith no. 40, 41, and 44; al Tabarani in al Kabir from Abu Musa from ‘Ali vol. 1 pg. 65 from ‘Amr ibn al Hurayth from ‘Ali; Abu Nuaim in Ikhbar Asbahan vol. 1 pg. 182; Ibn ‘Abdul Birr in al Isti’ab vol. 2 pg. 252 with his isnad from al Nazal bin Saburah from ‘Ali; and many others besides them.

[30] Imam Ahmed narrated it in Fada’il al Sahabah vol. 2 pg. 1166 hadith no. 1762; Ibn Sa’d in al Tabaqat vol. 3 pg. 375. Its isnad is Hassan as stated by Wasi Allah ‘Abbas.

[31] Sahih al Bukhari, Fada’il al Sahabah, bab manaqib ‘Umar ibn al Khattab no. 3692.

[32] Ibn Hibban narrated it in his Sahih, Kitab al Manaqib hadith 6891, al Arna’ut declared it sahih; Abu Ya’la in his Musnad, Musnad ibn ‘Abbas, 2731, Hussain Salim Asad declared it sahih. Al Hakim in al Mustadrak, Kitab Ma’rifat al Sahabah, bab fadl ‘Umar ibn al Khattab radiya Llahu ‘anhu vol. 3 pg. 98 hadith no. 4515. He and al Dhahabi remained silent from commenting on it. The wording is al Hakim’s.