Insulting the Ahlul Bayt
The reality is that it does not really matter whether you are from the household of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam or the household of ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu, as you will still not be safe from their blasphemy and wretched hearts. The Shia went on to even insult the Ahlul Bayt, just as they have insulted the Messengers of Allah, along with the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. The Shia state that the following verse was revealed regarding ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhu, the paternal uncle of Rasulullah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam:
لَبِئْسَ الْمَوْلٰى وَلَبِئْسَ الْعَشِيْرُ
How wretched the protector and how wretched the associate.
Furthermore, the verse:
وَلَا يَنفَعُكُمْ نُصْحِيٓ إِنْ أَرَدتُّ أَنْ أَنصَحَ لَكُمْ إِنْ كَانَ اللّٰهُ يُرِيْدُ أَن يُغْوِيَكُمْ هُوَ رَبُّكُمْ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُوْنَ
And whoever is blind in this [life] will be blind in the Hereafter and more astray in way. And my advice will not benefit you – although I wished to advise you.
is also said to be revealed regarding him.
As for the cousins of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, the two leaders of the Banu Hashim and the governor of ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu, namely ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas and his brother, ‘Obaidullah ibn ‘Abbas, they say regarding them:
Amir al Mu’minin said, “O Allah curse the two sons of so and so (referring to ‘Abdullah and ‘Obaidullah as highlighted in the footnote). Just as their hearts are blind, make their eyes blind as well, their deaths are upon my neck. Let their blindness be a sign of the blindness of their hearts.”
As for ‘Aqil ibn Abi Talib, the true brother of ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu, the Shia transmit from ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (when mentioning the deficiency of his supporters):
None from my household remains who is courageous and strong. As for Hamzah he was killed at Uhud and Jafar at Mut’ah. Only two terrified wretched lowly individuals remain: ‘Abbas and ‘Aqil.
Al Kulayni transmits from Muhammad al Baqir:
None but two weak wretched men remained with him, ‘Abbas and ‘Aqil, who were both new in Islam.
All of this when it is an established fact that ‘Abbas, ‘Aqil, and the rest of their families were from the Ahlul Bayt. Al Arbili writes:
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was asked, “Who are your Ahlul Bayt?”
He replied, “The families of ‘Ali, Jafar, ‘Aqil, and ‘Abbas.”
The son of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam
The Shia persist with their unsupported reports in lessening the status of the son of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam when comparing him to the Prophet’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam grandson, the son of Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anhum. They report:
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was sitting and on his left thigh was Ibrahim while on his right was Hussain. He kissed the one then the other.
Jibril looked at him and said, “Your Rabb had sent me. He conveys His greetings to you and says, ‘These two cannot co-exist, therefore choose one of them.’”
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam brought Hussain nearer to him and looked at Ibrahim and cried. Thereafter he looked at Hussain, Sayed al Shuhada, and cried.
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam then said, “Ibrahim’s mother is Mariyah, and if he dies none beside me would grieve his death. However, if Hussain were to die, he is the son of Fatimah and ‘Ali, my cousin, the one who is in relation to me like that of a soul to a body. He is my flesh and blood, if his son dies he will be grieved along with Fatimah.”
He then responded to Jibril and said, “O Jibril, I ransomed Ibrahim for Hussain, and I am pleased with his death so that Hussain should remain alive.”
The daughters of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam
They have also insulted the three daughters of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam when they refuse to accept them as his biological children, openly stating that they were not the biological daughters of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam but rather they were his stepchildren. Hassan al Amin al Shia states:
Historians mention that the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had four daughters. However, after examining historical reports we have not found any evidence to establish that all of them were his biological daughters with the exception of Fatimah. It is possible that the remaining three daughters were from Khadijah’s previous marriages.
The cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam
The Shia have even insulted their infallible Imam, ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu, by accusing him of cowardice:
When Abu Bakr was given the pledge of allegiance, ‘Ali rejected his Caliphate and desisted from pledging allegiance to Abu Bakr.
Abu Bakr instructed Qunfudh, “Go back to ‘Ali. If he comes along then so be it, if not then invade his house. If he resists, then burn down his house.”
Qunfudh the accursed then went.
He and his companions rushed into his house without prior permission. ‘Ali on seeing this advanced for his sword, however, they beat him to it, and they outnumbered him. Some reached for their swords and held it to his throat. Thereafter a rope was placed around his neck.
Fatimah came between them and ‘Ali by the door. Qunfudh struck Fatimah with his whip. When she passed away there was a swelling on her upper arm as a result of the whip, may Allah curse him.
They then harshly dragged ‘Ali until they reached Abu Bakr. [They go on to say,] ‘Ali then called out before he pledged allegiance whilst the rope was around his neck:
قَالَ ابْنَ أُمَّ إِنَّ الْقَوْمَ اسْتَضْعَفُوْنِيْ وَكَادُوْا يَقْتُلُوْنَنِيْ
O my brother, indeed the people oppressed me and were about to kill me.
This is their opinion of ‘Ali—the lion of Allah—may Allah be pleased with him. The Shia depict him as a fainthearted, fearful, and abused person, while at the same time fabricating reports about his exaggerated bravery, strength, valour, and fearlessness, as mentioned previously. The Shia are never satisfied with their own fabrications and are always eager to add to it; thus they accuse him of even more cowardice.
The Shia falsely ascribe to Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha that she was angry with ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu, condemning and slandering him for not aiding her when she requested Fadak and quarrelled with Abu Bakr and ‘Umar.
Fatimah then said, “O Ibn Abi Talib! You are hiding like a foetus in the womb and sit back like the hopeless.”
Fatimah also rebuked him for sitting silent.
They also believe that ‘Umar coerced ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhuma into marrying his daughter to him, and he could not do anything about it. Al Kulayni reports these dreadful words falsely, and vilely attributing them to Abu ‘Abdullah, when he was allegedly asked about the marriage of Umm Kulthum, the daughter of ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu, to Amir al Mu’minin ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhu:
That was a women who was taken from us by force.
‘Ali did not want to marry his daughter, Umm Kulthum, to ‘Umar but he was afraid of ‘Umar. Thus he appointed ‘Abbas as his agent to marry her to ‘Umar.
‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu is also the one who had rejected the Caliphate when it was presented to him and said, “Leave me, and look for other than me.” The Shia belittle ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu and depict him like some greedy layman who runs after worldly positions, striving to attain with such means which a pure soul refuses to employ.
Yes! They depict him as a person who follows his desires and goals going to great lengths to attain it, even sacrificing his children and wife. Look at these accusations levelled against the leader of the Ahlul Bayt. These reports are mentioned in their most relied upon sources.
When Abu Bakr was given the pledge of allegiance, the news reached ‘Ali, who then said, “This title is for none other than me.”
He then remained quite that entire day. At nightfall ‘Ali took Fatimah and his two sons by their hands around to every Sahabi, and reminded them and beseeched them with regards to his right. Furthermore he asked them to assist him but none responded.
Is there a greater insult? Furthermore, they state:
‘Ali took his wife and his two sons on a donkey to the homes of the Sahabah seeking assistance.
The Shia then further state:
When ‘Ali saw the people betraying him, their lack of assistance and all of them concurring on Abu Bakr, he stayed in his house.
When one analyses these words and expressions; the manner in which they debase him, depicting him to be one who was rejected by all, we come to know what they really think about ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu. Ibn Babawayh, the Shia Muhaddith, transmits a similar report in his book. He mentions a lengthy incident when explaining how few the supporters of ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu were and how they spoke out against the Caliphate of Abu Bakr radiya Llahu ‘anhu and desisted from pledging allegiance. However, when the comrades of Abu Bakr radiya Llahu ‘anhu heard about it they approached them:
With unsheathed swords, one of them said, “By Allah! If you are to continue to speak you will be met by our swords!”
Thereafter ‘Ali’s supporters remained in their homes and did not speak again.
On the other hand, the Shia debase ‘Ali by describing him with every bad characteristic they could lay their hands on. The Shia claim that Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha had disapproved of getting married to ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu on account of his poverty and unattractiveness, Allah forbid:
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam intended to marry Fatimah to ‘Ali. He approached her in secrecy, she then replied, “You are most entitled to your opinion. However, I have heard some women from Quraysh speak about him saying that he is squint and has long forearms, a large head and eyes, with deep hair recesses above the temples. His shoulder joints are like that of a camel, he is always laughing, and he has no money.
There are many other reports in al Kafi in which al Kulayni states that Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha was not pleased with ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu even after marriage, and that she did not accept him out of her own will:
After the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had married Fatimah to ‘Ali, he went to visit them and found Fatimah crying.
He asked, “What makes you weep?”
Thereafter he said, “By Allah! If there were a better person in our family than him, I would not have married you to him (‘Ali). Also it is not I who married you to him, rather Allah did.”
Al Arbili transmitting from Buraydah states:
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “O Buraydah let us go and visit Fatimah.”
When they entered, the moment she saw her father her tears started rolling down her cheeks.
He asked her, “What makes you weep my daughter?”
She replied, “Lack of provisions, a lot of grief and depression.”
In another report, “I take an oath by Allah, my sadness, poverty, and sickness have only increased.”
This is what is expected from those who are so impudent towards the Sahabah and the Ahlul Bayt. Moreover, they have the audacity to insult the Messengers of Allah, and in particular the Last Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. One might ask do they even revere ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu and his household. The answer is: No! They do not!
They further insult ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu, the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and his wife, Aisha radiya Llahu ‘anha, in the following report:
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam only possessed one blanket for him and Aisha. Thus he would sleep between ‘Ali and Aisha, all of them covered with that one blanket. When he would wake up at night, he would indent the blanket between the two them.
Is there any greater insult? Yes there is something greater and more disgusting. The Shia state that ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu came to the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam whilst he was in the company of Abu Bakr and ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhuma:
I sat between the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and Aisha.
She then said to him, “Could you not have found any other place other than my thighs and the Prophet’s thighs?”
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam then said, “Enough Aisha!”
It is mentioned in another report:
‘Ali could not find a place to sit. The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam indicated to a place behind him. Aisha was also standing behind him covered with a shawl, ‘Ali then sat between Aisha and the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.
Aisha became angry and said, “Could you not have found a place for your rear other than my lap?”
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam became angry and said, “O Humaira’! Do not harm me through my brother.”
This is the manner in which the Shia vilify ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu after having abandoned him when he became the Khalifah. There was hardly a battle they encountered except that they would look for an excuse. At times they would even stay away without presenting an excuse. The books of history are filled with incidents of how the Shia betrayed him, leaving him alone to fight those fierce and vehement battles. Thus he would say:
You have filled my heart with pus and loaded my bosom with rage. You made me drink mouthfuls of grief one after the other. You shattered my counsel by disobeying and leaving me so much so that Quraysh started saying that the son of Abu Talib is brave but does not know (tactics of) war. Allah bless them! Is any one of them fiercer in war and older in it than I am? I rose for it although in my twenties, and here I am, having passed over sixty. But one who is not obeyed can have no opinion.
Beware! I called you to fight these people night and day, secretly and openly and exhorted you to attack them before they attacked you, because by Allah, no people have been attacked in the hearts of their houses but they suffered disgrace. But you put it off to others and forsook it till destruction befell you and your cities were occupied.
The horsemen of Banu Ghamid have reached al Anbar and killed Hassan ibn al Hassan al Bakri. They have removed your horsemen from the garrison.
I have come to know that every one of them entered upon Muslim women and other women under the protection of Islam and took away their ornaments from their legs, arms, necks and ears and no woman could resist it except by pronouncing the verse, We are for Allah and to Him we shall return. Then they got back laden with wealth without any wound or loss of life.
If any Muslim dies of grief after all this, he is not to be blamed but rather there is justification for him before me.
How strange! How strange! By Allah my heart sinks to see the unity of these people on their wrong and your dispersion from your right. Woe and grief befall you! You have become the target at which arrows are shot. You are being killed and you do not kill. You are being attacked but you do not attack. Allah is being disobeyed and you remain agreeable to it. When I ask you to move against them in summer you say it is hot weather. Spare us till the heat subsides from us. When I order you to march in winter you say it is severely cold; give us time till the cold clears from us. These are just excuses for evading heat and cold because if you run away from heat and cold, you would be, by Allah, running away (in a greater degree) from the sword (war).
Fatimah – The daughter of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam
They have also insulted the daughter of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, the mother of Hassan and Hussain and the wife of ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhum, attributing to her that which one is unable to perceive from a believing female, let alone Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha, the Queen of the Women of Paradise.
The Shia state that Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha was perpetually displeased and angry with ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu. Furthermore, she used to complain to her father about everything, whether major or minor, as mentioned previously. In fact, Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha would even find fault with commendable deeds. Ibn Fattal al Naysaburi, the Muhaddith, mentions:
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had planted a garden for ‘Ali, which ‘Ali then sold and distributed the wealth amongst the poor of Madinah until nothing remained.
When ‘Ali returned home, Fatimah asked him, “O my cousin, have you sold the orchard which my father had sowed for you?”
‘Ali replied, “Yes, in exchange for that which is better than it in this life and the Hereafter.”
She then asked, “So where is the money?”
He replied, “I distributed it amongst the poor. I was ashamed of turning them away.”
Fatimah then said, “I am hungry, my two sons are hungry, and there is no doubt that you too are just as hungry as we are; yet you keep nothing for us. Nothing!”
She then grabbed ‘Ali by his clothing.
‘Ali said, “Release me, Fatimah!”
She replied, “By Allah I will not release you until my father has judged between the two of us.”
Jibril presented himself to the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and said, “O Muhammad! Allah conveys His greetings and has said, ‘Convey our greeting to ‘Ali, and tell Fatimah that it is not appropriate for you to hold back the hand of ‘Ali.’”
Furthermore, they state:
Fatimah discussed Fadak with Abu Bakr and ‘Umar. Fatimah disputed with them. Thereafter she spoke in the midst of the people and shouted, and more people started gathering around.
On another occasion:
She took ‘Umar by his collar and pulled him towards her.
She also threatened Abu Bakr:
If you are not going to keep away from ‘Ali, then I will reveal my hair and tear up my clothes!
Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha also allegedly opposed the Khalifas until they burnt down her house, and struck her, which led to the breaking of her ribs and her miscarriage. Fatimah radiya Llahu ‘anha passed away as a result of this injury.
Hassan ibn ‘Ali
The Shia malign Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu just as the rest of the Ahlul Bayt. After the demise of his father, ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu, he was appointed as Khalifah, but it was not long until they abandoned him as they had abandoned his father. In fact, they betrayed him to a greater degree! Al Ya’qubi, a Shia historian writes:
After a period of two months (others suggest four), Hassan despatched ‘Obaidullah ibn ‘Abbas, and twelve thousand fighters to go and fight Muawiyah.
Muawiyah sent a million silver coins to ‘Obaidullah ibn ‘Abbas and eight thousand fighters went over to Muawiyah’s side.
Muawiyah had also despatched Mughirah ibn Shu’bah, ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amir, and ‘Abdul Rahman ibn Umm al Hakam to Hassan. They met him whilst he was reclining in his tent at Mada’in. When they exited they said to the people, “Indeed, Allah has spared bloodshed through the son of the Rasul, and has put an end to the fitnah.” He had accepted the peace treaty.
The army was then shaken and none questioned what they had said. Thus they rushed towards Hassan and looted his tent. Hussain mounted a horse and went to Mazlam Sabat. Jarrah ibn Sinan hid and stabbed Hassan in his thigh with a pick. Hassan then took him by his beard, lowered it and struck his neck.
Hassan was taken to Mada’in, whilst bleeding profusely, which became worse. Thereafter the people dispersed from him.
Al Mas’udi records the sermon Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu delivered after having reconciled with Muawiyah radiya Llahu ‘anhu:
“O people of Kufah! It is because of three of your actions that I have overlooked you viz. your killing of my father, plundering my wealth, and stabbing me in my stomach. I have pledged allegiance to Muawiyah so listen and obey!”
The people of Kufah had looted Hassan’s tent, taken his conveyance, and stabbed him in the stomach with a dagger. When Hassan witnessed what had happened, he gave in to reconciliation.
They were so repugnant that they even took his prayer mat from beneath him. ‘Abdul Rahman ibn ‘Abdullah Ja’al al Azdi set on him and stripped his silk cloak from his shoulder. He remained sitting, still girt with his sword but without his cloak.
A man by the name of Jarrah ibn Sinan from Banu Asad pierced the thigh of Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu, until the object reached the bone… Hassan was then escorted to Mada’in… whilst his wound was being treated. A number of chieftains secretly wrote to Muawiyah radiya Llahu ‘anhu pledging allegiance to him, and encouraging him to hasten towards them.
They also guaranteed Muawiyah radiya Llahu ‘anhu that they will handover Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu to him, or kill him. When what they had done reached Hussain… Hassan’s insight then increased regarding their bad intentions and pretence, their cursing him, and considering him a disbeliever, rendering his blood permissible, and plundering his wealth.
They used to insult him, both verbally and physically. Al Kashshi transmits from Abu Jafar:
A comrade of Hassan, who is said to be Sufyan ibn Abi Layla, was mounted and entered upon Hassan whilst he was hiding in the courtyard of his house.
He then said to Hassan, “Peace be upon you, O you who has disgraced the believers!”
Hassan then asked, “And what knowledge do you have about that?”
He replied, “You assumed leadership and then absolved yourself from it, and entrusted it to a tyrant who does not judge in accordance with the Qur’an.”
Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu also speaks about the offences, and clarifies what their supporters had done to him. He says:
By Allah! Muawiyah is better for me than those who claim to be my supporters and strive to kill me and usurp my wealth.
By Allah! For me to take a covenant from Muawiyah to protect me and my family, is better to me than them (his Shia) killing me and my household. By Allah! If I were to go to war with Muawiyah they would take me by my neck and hand me over to him.
By Allah! For me to make peace with him and maintain my honour is better for me than being killed a slave or free. Thus it will become a practice for Muawiyah and those to succeed him to remind us (Banu Hashim) and our progeny of the favour they had bestowed upon us until the end of time.
Furthermore, they have insulted him by depriving his progeny from leadership (Imamah), and consider any person who attests to the leadership of any of Hassan’s progeny a disbeliever.
Hussain ibn ‘Ali
As for Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhu, despite the Shia exaggerating in their love and support for him, he too suffered the same fate of his parents and brother. The Shia state:
Fatimah, the mother of Hussain, detested bearing him. She also rejected the glad tidings of his birth more than once. Furthermore, it was as if the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam also did not want to accept the glad tidings. Fatimah then bore Hussain with great difficulty and on account of her dislike for Hussain she did not breastfeed him. These reports are from one of their canonical hadith books. Al Kulayni transmits from Imam Jafar:
Jibril came to the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and said, “Fatimah will give birth to a boy who will be killed by your followers after your demise.”
As a result, when Fatimah fell pregnant with Hussain she disliked it.
Thereafter Abu ‘Abdullah said, “There is not a mother on the face of the earth who gave birth to a child and disliked it. However, when Fatimah came to know that he will be killed, she disliked the pregnancy.
وَوَصَّيْنَا الْإِنسٰنَ بِوٰلِدَيْهِ إِحْسٰنًا حَمَلَتْهُ أُمُّهُۥ كُرْهًا وَّوَضَعَتْهُ كُرْهًا
And We have enjoined upon man, to his parents, good treatment. His mother carried him with hardship and gave birth to him with hardship. (Surah al-Ahqaf:15)
Was revealed in relation to him.
What an insult! Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhu was not breastfed by his mother nor any other female, rather he used to be brought to the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and he would put his thumb in Hussain’s radiya Llahu ‘anhu mouth. Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhu would then suck it and that would suffice him for a day or two.
In the exact same manner have they treated his brother and father. The historians mention that Kufah was the centre of the Shia, regarding which Jafar states:
Our leadership was presented to the heavens, the earths, the mountains, and the cities; and none of them accepted it as how the people of Kufah did.
They further state:
Allah has chosen four cities:
وَالتِّيْنِ وَالزَّيْتُوْنِ وَطُوْرِ سِيْنِيْنَ وَهٰذَا الْبَلَدِ الْأَمِيْنِ
Al Tin refers to Madinah, al Zaytun refers to Bayt al Maqdis, al Tur Sinin refers to Kufah, and al Balad al Amin refers to Makkah.
Approximately 150 letters had been written to Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhu from the very same Kufah. They wrote:
In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate Most Merciful!
To Hussain ibn ‘Ali, the leader of the believers, from his supporters, and the supporters of his father.
May Allah’s peace be upon you!
The people are waiting on you and for them there is none other than you. So hasten, O son of Rasulullah!
In another letter they wrote:
The gardens are lush and the fruits are ripe! If you so wish then proceed to an army that is mobilised.
After receiving continuous letters, Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhu sent to them his cousin Muslim ibn ‘Aqil:
The people of Kufah gathered around him, pledged allegiance to him whilst crying. Their numbers exceeded eighteen thousand.
After a number of days Muslim ibn ‘Aqil wrote back to Hussain, “There are a hundred thousand fighters waiting on you, so do not delay!”
Hussain then replied, “I will be departing from Makkah on Tuesday after the 8 Dhu al Hijjah which is on the Day of Tarwiyah. When my messenger reaches you, then exert yourselves as I will be on my way.”
However, the situation changed and so did the Shia as is their norm. Muslim ibn ‘Aqil was killed without anyone to defend or assist him. When the news of his death reached Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhu, he was already confronted by the army of Ibn Ziyad from Kufah.
Hussain then went up to them in his upper and lower garment and sandals. He firstly praised Allah, and then said, “O people! I have only come to you, due to the letters that you have sent to me which had stated, ‘Advance towards us as we have no leader, and perhaps through you Allah will guide us.’ If you were true then I have come to you, so obey me and hold true to your covenants. And if you are displeased with my coming, I will return to where I have come from.”
They then deceived him, turned their backs on him, and handed him over to the enemy. As a result, a number of his relatives and friends were killed. Muhsin al Amin states:
Twenty thousand from the people of Kufah pledged allegiance to Hussain, then betrayed and opposed him, after having pledged allegiance to him, and thereafter killed him.
Al Ya’qubi writes the following about the period when the people of Kufah killed Hussain radiya Llahu ‘anhu:
They looted his tent, forcibly took the females and escorted them to Kufah. Upon reaching Kufah the females from Kufah exited their homes shouting, and crying.
‘Ali ibn Hussain then remarked, “They are crying but none other than them killed us.”
This is how the Shia deceived the Ahlul Bayt despite their claims of partisanship!
 Rijal al Kashshi, pg. 54.
 Surah Hud: 34
 Rijal al Kashshi, pg. 52, 53.
 Rijal al Kashshi, pg. 52, under the title, “Du’a’ ‘Ali ‘ala ‘Abdullah wa ‘Obaidullah ibn ‘Abbas”.
 Al Anwar al Nu’maniyyah by al Jaza’iri; Majalis al Mu’minin, pg. 78.
 Al Furu’ min al Kafi; Kitab al Rawdah.
 Kashf al Ghummah, vol. 1 pg. 43.
 Hayat al Qulub, pg. 593; al Manaqib by Ibn Shahar Ashub.
 Da’ir al Ma’arif al Islamiyyah al Shia, vol. 1 pg. 27.
 Kitab Sulaim ibn Qais, pg. 84, 89.
 Al Amali al Tusi, pg. 259; Haqq al Yaqin, pg. 203, 204; al Ihtijaj by al Tabarsi.
 A’yan al Shia, pg. 26.
 Al Kafi fi al Furu’, vol. 2 pg. 141.
 Hadiqat al Shia by al Muqaddas al Ardabili, pg. 277.
 Kitab Sulaim ibn Qais, pg. 82, 83.
 Ibid, pg. 83.
 Kitab al Khisal, vol. 2 pg. 465.
 Tafsir al Qummi, vol. 2 pg. 336.
 Kashf al Ghummah, vol. 1 pg. 149, 150.
 Ibid, vol. 1 pg. 149, 150.
 Kitab Sulaim ibn Qais, pg. 221.
 Al Burhan fi Tafsir al Qur’an, vol. 4 pg. 224.
 Kitab Sulaim ibn Qais, pg. 179.
 Nahj al Balaghah, pg. 70, 71.
 Surah al Baqarah: 156
 Nahj al Balaghah, pg. 70, 71.
 He is Muhammad ibn al Hassan al Fattal al Farisi al Naysaburi, the theologian, jurist, and scholar, ascetic and pious. He was killed by Abu al Mahasin, the governor of Naysabur. (Rijal al Hilli pg. 259) He was a Shia scholar from the fifth century, he has authored Rawdat al Wai’zin. (Ta’sis al Shia pg. 395) He was a senior Shia scholar. He was a teacher, theologian, jurist, scholar, exegete, religious, and an ascetic. A truthful and relied upon scholar. (From the introduction of the book by Muhammad Mahdi al Khurasani, pg. 11)
 Rawdat al Wa’izin, vol. 1 pg. 125.
 Kitab Sulaim ibn Qais, pg. 253.
 Al Kafi fi l-Usul.
 Tafsir al ‘Ayyashi, vol. 2 pg. 67, and similar reports in al Rawdah min al Kafi, vol. 8 pg. 238.
 Kitab Sulaim ibn Qais, pg. 84, 85.
 Reconciliation between Hassan and Muawiyah
The Shia were embarrassed when they had heard Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu reconciled with Muawiyah radiya Llahu ‘anhu and pledged allegiance to him. Thus they fabricated such reports which the intellect rejects. They state that Hassan radiya Llahu ‘anhu reconciled with Muawiyah radiya Llahu ‘anhu but did not pledge allegiance to him, and thus did not handover the leadership. To avoid verboseness, we will only transmit one report from their books and we believe that it will be sufficient for the seeker of the truth. Al Kashshi transmits from Abu ‘Abdullah Jafar:
Muawiyah wrote to Hassan, “Come, and bring along Hussain and the companions of ‘Ali.”
Qais ibn Sa’d ibn ‘Ubadah al Ansari went along with them to Syria. Muawiyah allowed them to enter and arranged orators for them.
Muawiyah then said, “O Hassan! Stand up and pledge allegiance,” Hassan stood up and pledged allegiance.
Then he said to Hussain, “Stand and pledge allegiance.”
Thereafter he said, “O Qais! Stand and pledge allegiance.”
Qais then looked at Hussain (instead of Hassan knowing how opposed Hussain was to the peace treaty) waiting for his command.
He then said, “O Qais! He is my Imam.”
In another report, “Hassan stood up and said, ‘ Qais! Pledge allegiance!’ After which he pledged allegiance.” (Rijal al Kashshi, pg. 102)
 Tarikh al Ya’qub, vol. 2 pg. 215.
 Muruj al Dhahab, vol. 2 pg. 431.
 Al Irshad, pg. 190.
 Kashf al Ghummah, pg. 450-451; al Irshad, pg. 190; al Fusul al Muhimmah fi Ma’rifat Ahwal al A’immah, pg. 162.
 Rijal al Kashshi, pg. 103.
 Al Ihtijaj, pg. 148.
 Al Usul min al Kafi, vol. 1 pg. 464, Kitab al Hujjah Bab Mawlid al Hussain.
 Ibid, pg. 465.
 Basa’ir al Darajat by al Saffar, vol. 2 Ch. 10.
 Muqaddimat al Burhan, pg. 223.
 Kashf al Ghummah, vol. 2 pg. 32; al Irshad, pg. 203; al Fusul al Muhimmah fi Ma’rifat Ahwal al A’immah, pg. 182.
 Al Irshad, pg. 203; I’lam al Wara, vol. 223.
 Al Irshad, pg. 205.
 Ibid, pg. 220.
Al Irshad, pg. 224.
A’yan al Shia, first Fasl, pg. 24.
Tarikh al Ya’qubi, vol. 1 pg. 235.