Hadith 52: The Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam entered the presence of ‘Ali and Fatimah while they were both laughing. When they saw Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, they became quiet…

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Hadith 52

 

دخل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم على علي وفاطمة وهما يضحكان، فلما رأيا النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم سكتا، فقال لهما النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: ما لكما كنتما تضحكان، فلما رأيتماني سكتما؟ فبادرت فاطمة، فقالت: بأبي أنت يا رسول الله. قال هذا: أنا أحب إلى رسول الله منك. فقلت: بل أنا أحب إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم منك ، فتبسم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وقال: يا بنية لك رقة الولد، وعلي أعز علي منك.

The Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam entered the presence of ‘Ali and Fatimah while they were both laughing. When they saw Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, they became quiet. And so Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to them, “‘What is with the two of you? You were both laughing, but then when you saw me, you became quiet.” Promptly, Fatimah responded and said, “May my father be sacrificed, O Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam; this (person) said (i.e. ‘Ali), “I am more beloved to the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam than you.” And so I said, “Rather, I am more beloved to the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam than you.” The Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam smiled and said, “O my beloved daughter, you enjoy the grace of the child (i.e. being my child), while ‘Ali is dearer to me than you.”

 

This hadith is narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas, Abu Hurairah, and ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhum.

 

The Hadith of Ibn ‘Abbas

Al Tabarani narrates (and al Diya’ in a similar manner) — ‘Abdul Rahman ibn Khallad al Dawraqi narrated to us — Milhan ibn Sulaiman al Dawraqi narrated to us — ‘Abdullah ibn Dawood al Khuraybi narrated to us — al A’mash narrated to us — from Mujahid — from Ibn ‘Abbas.[1]

Abdul Rahman ibn Khallad al Dawraqi and Milhan ibn Sulaiman al Dawraqi cannot be traced.

Al Haythami states, “Al Tabarani narrates this hadith and the narrators are all from the Sahih collections (i.e. of al Bukhari and/or Muslim).”[2]

This is very strange. I have previously mentioned that al Haythami is very lenient in criticising reports.

 

The Hadith of Abu Hurairah

Al Tabarani narrates — Muhammad ibn Musa narrated to us — al Hassan ibn Kathir narrated to us — Salma ibn ‘Aqabah al Hanafi al Yamami narrated to us — ‘Ikrimah ibn ‘Ammar narrated to us — from Yahya ibn Abi Kathir — from Abu Salamah — from Abu Hurairah.[3]

Muhammad ibn Musa is al Istakhri. Perhaps he is the same person ibn Hajar writes about: “Muhammad ibn Musa ibn Ibrahim al Istakhri. He is a majhul (unknown) Sheikh.”[4]

Salma ibn ‘Aqabah cannot be traced.

Al Hassan ibn Kathir needs to be verified

‘Ikrimah ibn ‘Ammar is mudtarib (unresolvably problematic) in his hadith from Yahya ibn Abi Kathir.

 

The Hadith of ‘Ali

Sa’id ibn Mansur, al Nasa’i (in an abridged form), and others narrate — from Sufyan — from ibn Abi Najih — from his father — from a person who heard ‘Ali say, “…She (i.e. Fatimah) is more beloved to me than you and you dearer to me than her.”[5]

The hadith contains a majhul (unknown) narrator.

Al Albani included this hadith in his work and regarded it as da’if (weak).[6]

I have explained this hadith in detail (more than al Albani) in the original work.

 

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[1] Al Tabarani: al Mujam al Kabir, hadith no. 11063; Diya’ al Din al Maqdisi: al Mukhtarah, 13/146.

[2] Nur al Din al Haythami: Majma’ al Zawa’id, 9/202.

[3] Al Tabarani: al Mujam al Awsat, hadith no. 4675.

[4] Ibn Hajar: Lisan al Mizan, 5/401.

[5] Sa’id ibn Mansur: Sunan Sa’id Ibn Mansur, 1/600; al Nasa’i: al Sunan al Kubra, hadith no. 8478 and Khasa’is ‘Ali, hadith no. 146.

[6] Al Albani: Silsilat Ahadith al Da’ifah, hadith no. 4000.