Hadith 18: When the verse, “O you who have believed, when you [wish to] privately consult the Messenger, present before your consultation a charity,” was revealed, Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to me, “What do you think? A dinar?…

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Hadith 18

 

لما نزلت: يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِذَا نَٰجَيۡتُمُ ٱلرَّسُولَ فَقَدِّمُواْ بَيۡنَ يَدَيۡ نَجۡوَىٰكُمۡ صَدَقَةٗۚ ]المجادلة: 12[ قال لي النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: ما ترى: دينار؟ قلت: لا يطيقونه. قال: فنصف دينار؟ قلت: لا يطيقونه. قال: فكم؟ قلت: شعيرة. قال: إنك لزهيد. قال:فنزلت: ءَأَشۡفَقۡتُمۡ أَن تُقَدِّمُواْ بَيۡنَ يَدَيۡ نَجۡوَىٰكُمۡ صَدَقَٰتٖۚ ]المجادلة: 13[ الآية. قال: فبي خفف الله عن هذه الأمة.

When the verse, “O you who have believed, when you [wish to] privately consult the Messenger, present before your consultation a charity,” was revealed, Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to me, “What do you think? A dinar?” I said, “They will not be able to.” He said, “Half a dinar?” I said, “They will not be able to.” He said, “Then how much?” I said, “Some barleycorn.” He said, “You made it too little.” He said, “So the verse was revealed, “Have you feared to present before your consultation charities?” It was on account of me that Allah decreased (the amount of sadaqah) for the Ummah.

 

This hadith is narrated by Imam al Tirmidhi and Imam al Nasaʾi from ‘Uthman ibn al Mughirah al Thaqafi — from Salim ibn Abi al Ja’d — from ‘Ali ibn ‘Alqamah al Anmari — from ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib.[1]

Imam al Tirmidhi says: “This hadith is Hassan gharib (fair rare); we are only aware of it in this manner.”

(The author says) Salim ibn Abi al Ja’d is the only person to transmit from ‘Ali ibn ‘Alqamah al Anmari al Ansari.

  • Imam al Bukhari says, “His hadith is questionable.”[2]
  • Al ‘Uqayli and Ibn al Jarud held followed suit and held similar views.[3]
  • Ibn ‘Adi states, “I do not see a problem in the hadith of ‘Ali ibn ‘Alqamah in the amount that he narrates.”
  • Ibn Hibban regarded him as a thiqah (reliable). However, he writes (in another book), “He is munkar al hadith (a weak transmitter that narrates something which contradicts another authentic hadith); he transmits from ‘Ali that which does not resemble his hadith. I am not sure whether he actually heard from him or received his narrations via another person. According to me, he cannot be used as valid proof unless what he narrates conforms to the reports of ‘Ali’s reliable narrators.”[4]

 

Al Albani and al Arnaʾut regarded the hadith as da’if (weak). This is the correct view.

 

NEXT⇒ Hadith 19


[1] Imam al Tirmidhi: Sunan al Tirmidhi, hadith no. 3300; Imam al Nasaʾi: al Sunan al Kubra, hadith no. 8484.

[2] Imam al Bukhari: al Tarikh al Kabir, 6/289.

[3] Al ‘Uqayli: al Du’afaʾ al Kabir, 3/242.

[4] Ibn Hibban: Kitab al Majruhin, 2/109.