Hadith 12: A faction will renegade at a time when there is division among the Muslims; the party, among two parties, which is closer to the truth, will fight them.

BACK Return to Table of contents

 

Hadith 12

 

تمرق مارقة عند فرقة من المسلمين يقتلها أولى الطائفتين بالحق.

A faction will renegade at a time when there is division among the Muslims; the party, among two parties, which is closer to the truth, will fight them.

 

This hadith is narrated by Imams Muslim, Abu Dawood, Ahmed, and others from Abu Sa’id al Khudri radiya Llahu ‘anhu.[1]

 

أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ذكر قوما يكونون في أمته يخرجون في فرقة من الناس سيماهم التحالق قال هم شر الخلق )أو من أشر الخلق.) يقتلهم أدنى الطائفتين إلى الحق. قال فضرب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لهم مثلاً أو قال قولاً الرجل يرمي الرمية ) أو قال الغرض (، فينظر في النصل فلا يرى بصيرة وينظر في النضي فلا يرى بصيرة وينظر في الفوق فلا يرى بصيرة.قال قال أبو سعيد وأنتم قتلتموهم يا أهل العراق.

Abu Sa’id al Khudri radiya Llahu ‘anhu said that the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam made mention of a sect from his Ummah which would emerge in the midst of dissension among the people. Their distinctive characteristic would be (their) shaved heads. They would be the worst of creation or from the worst of creation. The group, among two groups, which is closer to the truth, will fight them. The Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam gave an example (in describing them), or he said, “A man shoots an arrow at (the intended) prey, or he said at (the intended) target, and sees the arrowhead, but finds no sign (of blood there). Or he sees the lowest end (of the arrow), but does not find any sign (of blood there). Or he sees into the grip but does not find (anything) stuck to it. Abu Sa’id then said, “It is you who have killed them, O people of Iraq.”[2]

 

Imam Ahmed (also) narrates this hadith from Abu Sa’id al Khudri radiya Llahu ‘anhu, from Nabi salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam (who said), “A group would emerge in the midst of dissension among the people. The party, among two parties, which is closer to the truth, will kill them.”[3]

Imam al Nasa’i narrates:

 

أخبرنا محمد بن عبد الأعلى قال حدثنا المعتمر قال سمعت أبي قال حدثنا أبو نضرة عن أبي سعيد عن نبي الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه ذكر ناسا في أمته يخرجون في فرقة من الناس سيماهم التحليق يمرقون من الدين كما يمرق السهم من الرمية هم من شرار الخلق أو هم شرالخلق تقتلهم أدنى الطائفتين إلى الحق قال وقال عمرو كلمة أخرى. قلت لرجل بيني وبينه: ما هي؟ قال أنتم قتلتموه يا أهل العراق

Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul A’la informed us (and) said — Al Mu’tamir reported to us (and) said, I heard my father who said — Abu Nadrah reported to us — from Abu Sa’id — from the Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam who made mention of a group that would be from his Ummah which would emerge in the midst of dissension among the people. Their distinctive mark would be shaved heads. They would be the worst of creation, or he said from the worst of creation. The party, among two parties, which is closer to the truth, will fight them. He (i.e. Abu Sa’id) said, “And ‘Amr said something else: ‘I (i.e. ‘Amr) said to man between me and him, ‘what is it?’ He said, ‘You will kill them, O people of Iraq.’[4]

 

This (narration) has an authentic chain of transmission.

Ibn Hajar states:

 

In this and in the Prophet’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam statement, ‘the rebellious group will murder ‘Ammar,’ is a clear indication that ‘Ali and those with him were upon the truth. Whoever fought them erred in their interpretation (of events). And Allah knows best.[5]

 

Imam al Nawawi states:

 

These narrations are explicit in the fact that ‘Ali radiya Llahu ‘anhu was correct. The other party, Muawiyah’s radiya Llahu ‘anhu followers, were the rebels and they (incorrectly) interpreted (the situation). The hadith (also) explicitly states that the two groups were believers (mu’minin); they did not lose their iman, nor did they become fussaq (open transgressors) on account of their fighting (one another). This is our position and the position of whoever agrees with us.[6]

 

I say (i.e. the author): The name of ‘Ali is explicitly mentioned in certain narrations; however, they are not authentic. I have mentioned them in the original work.

 

NEXT⇒ Hadith 13


[1] Imam Muslim: Sahih Muslim, hadith no. 1064; Imam Abu Dawood: Sunan Abi Dawood, hadith no. 4667; Imam Ahmed: Musnad Ahmed, 3/25, 3/32, 3/48, 3/79, and 3/97.

[2] Imam Muslim: Sahih Muslim, hadith no. 1064.

[3] Imam Ahmed: Musnad Ahmed, 3/82.

[4] Imam al Nasaʾi: Khasaʾis ‘Ali, 173.

[5] Ibn Hajar al ‘Asqalani: Fath al Bari, 6/619.

[6] Imam al Nawawi: Sharh Sahih Muslim, 7/168.