أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لعلي: أنت مني وأنا منك. وقال لجعفر: أشبهت خلقي وخلقي. وقال لزيد: أنت أخونا ومولانا.
The Messenger of Allah salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to ‘Ali, “You are from me and I am from you.” He salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to Jafar, “You resemble my physical characteristics and my (noble) character.” He salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to Zaid, “You are our brother and our mawla.”
This hadith has been narrated by al Bara’, ‘Ali, ‘Imran ibn Hussain, Habshi ibn Junadah, Buraidah, Abu Rafi’, Usamah ibn Zaid, Jabir, and Ibn ‘Abbas radiya Llahu ‘anhum.
From these narrations, I will restrict myself to al Bara’’s radiya Llahu ‘anhu version because it is the most authentic. Imam al Bukhari, Imam al Tirmidhi—and others—narrate from Isra’il — from Abi Ishaq — from al Bara’ radiya Llahu ‘anhu. Imam al Tirmidhi said, “This hadith is Hassan sahih (fair (and) authentic). The remaining chains of transmission have been mentioned in the original work, all of which contain errors.
Meaning of the Hadith
Ibn Hajar states, “The Prophet’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam statement, ‘They are from me and I am from them,’ means ‘they are associated to me’. It has (also) been said that it means, ‘In this act of sharing, they did as I (would) do.’”
Imam al Nawawi states, “The meaning of this (hadith) is that it is an expression emphasizing how similar their mannerisms are and (the fact) that they concurred in their obedience to Allah subhanahu wa ta ‘ala.” The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam referred to a number of Sahabah with a similar statement. For example, the hadith:
عن أبي موسى رضي الله عنه قال: قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إن الأشعريين إذا أرملوا في الغزو أو قل طعام عيالهم بالمدينة جمعوا ما كان عندهم في ثوب واحد ثم اقتسموه بينهم في إناء واحد بالسوية، فهم مني وأنا منهم.
(Narrated) from Abu Musa radiya Llahu ‘anhu who said that the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “When the Ash’ariyyin ran short of food during the battles, or the food of their families in Madinah ran short, they would gather all their leftover food in one sheet and then distribute it equally by measuring it with a utensil. Hence, they are from me and I am from them.”
In another hadith:
عن أبي برزة أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان في مغزى له فأفاء الله عليه فقال لأصحابه هل تفقدون من أحد قالوا نعم فلانا وفلانا وفلانا.ثم قال هل تفقدون من أحد قالوا نعم فلانا وفلانا وفلانا.ثم قال هل تفقدون من أحد قالوا لا.قال لكني أفقد جليبيبا فاطلبوه.فطلب في القتلى فوجدوه إلى جنب سبعة قد قتلهم ثم قتلوه فأتى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فوقف عليه فقال قتل سبعة ثم قتلوه هذا مني وأنا منه هذا مني وأنا منه.قال فوضعه على ساعديه ليس له إلا ساعدا النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال فحفر له ووضع في قبره.ولم يذكر غسلا.
Abu Barzah narrated that the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was in a battlefield and Allah conferred the spoils of war upon him. He said to his Companions, “Is there anyone missing amongst you?”
They said, “Yes. So-and-so, and so-and-so, and so-and-so.”
He said (again), “Is there anyone missing amongst you?”
They said, “So-and-so, and so-and-so, and so-and-so.”
Then (again) he said, “Is there anyone missing amongst you?”
They said, “No.”
Thereupon he salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “But I cannot find Julaibib. Search for him.”
They searched for him amongst those who had been killed and (eventually) found him near seven (dead bodies) whom he had killed. Then they killed him.
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam came and stood by him and said, “He killed seven (people), then they killed him. He is from me and I am from him. He is from me and I am from him.”
He (i.e. Abu Barzah) said, “The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam placed him upon his arms; he had no other arms (to lift him) but the arms of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.”
He (i.e. Abu Barzah) said, “A grave was dug for him and he was placed inside. No mention was made of a ghusal.”
 Imam al Bukhari: Sahih al Bukhari, hadith no. 2699, 4251; Imam al Tirmidhi: Sunan al Tirmidhi, hadith no. 3716.
 Ibn Hajar al ‘Asqalani: Fath al Bari, 130/5.
 Imam al Bukhari: Sahih al Bukhari, hadith no. 2486; Imam Muslim: Sahih Muslim, hadith no. 2500.
 Imam Muslim: Sahih Muslim, hadith no. 2472.